Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is likely to involve physical, sexual, emotional, and financial abuse and is still treated somewhat as a private issue. Until the 1980s, the American Bar Association advised police to avoid arrest and engage in conflict resolution. This was common practice until the Domestic Violence Movement aided in changing social constructs and encouraging pro-arrest and mandatory arrest policies. However, Lockwood and Prohaska (2015) found that police are still less likely to respond with the same vigor to IPV as they are to the violence against men. The 1994 Violence Against Women Act encouraged prosecutors to charge IPV offenders with their crimes. This led to “no-drop” policies.