Police Assaults on African American Women: Close Encounters of a Dangerous Kind by Rev. Daniel Buford
Close Encounters of the Dangerous Kind :
Unarmed Women, Girls of African Descent and Violent Police Encounters- Arbitrary Punishments, Detentions, Killings, Torture, Extra Judicial Punishments, Summary Executions 1982-2015
Complied by Daniel A. Buford, Executive Director
Meiklejohn Civil Liberties Institute Berkeley, CA
September 3, 2016
The list is a compilation of thirty cases of unarmed African women and female children and the violent encounters they experienced at the hands of law enforcement agencies from every region of the United States. This list is an excerpt of a “Shadow Report” that I am in the process of preparing to be submitted to the United Nations human rights treaty bodies over the next five years of periodic treaty review in New York and Geneva, Switzerland. Cases that are listed here are noteworthy in the current national discussions about the Black Lives Matter movement.
While most of the Black Lives Matter discussions and media attention have focused on the foul law enforcement treatment accorded to African American men and boys, very little attention or scrutiny is being devoted to the alarming numbers of African American women and girls who are often treated even worse than Black men in unarmed encounters with police officers. An example of this is the rough physical treatment that mothers, girls, and pregnant women experience. The publication of this list with brief descriptions of these encounters is my attempt to talk about rogue police behavior in the larger context of racially motivated state sponsored terrorism that has spiked dramtically in the years that Barak Obama has been President of the United States.
This list is not meant to be definitive or exhaustive. So far over 214 African Americans have been killed by police in the United States as I write these words in September, 2016. There are no official records kept by law enforcement agencies and even there were the findings would be as suspect as to the scope and analysis of the problem.
This partial list of “Close Encounters of the Dangerous Kind” however, is representative of the unique challenges that African Americans have as second class citizens in the 21st century. We are a people who are apparently only due 3/5ths of the rights and protections accorded to white citizens in confrontations with the police and the legal structures that validate their genocidal practices. Police are often judge, jury, and executioners in these encounters that are paid for with public tax dollars. As Black people we are in the position of paying cops to kill us with impunity while paying their legal fees and pensions with money collected for taxes, and settlement funds from municipal budgets that bankrupt cities that can’t provide adequate social services and employment opportunities.
This is exacerbated by a prior state of mind of exhibited by many law enforcement officers of all races and genders; it seems to be that Black people have no rights that police officers need to respect. In California they are immunized by It is this disrespect for our humanity that has given rise to an epidemic of summary executions, arbitrary punishments, torture, killings and extra judicial practices. These acts are carried out with impunity because the police involved know that their individual lives and rights matter more than an African American community’s right to be free from police brutality and terrorism under color of law.
In California and other states police are immunized from background checks that would reveal prior associations with racial hate groups like the KKK or Nazis, publication of prior misconduct is prohibited, immediate urine testing for drugs and alcohol is delayed. delayed arrest and prosecution of rogue cops from videotaped crimes are sanctioned by the “Police officer’s Bill of rights”. Nationwide police can shoot an unarmed 7 year- old girl or 92 year old woman and escape prosecution because they “feared for their lives”. This is defense is a mandate for racist cowards to carry out the work of the KKK and Nazis while wearing a police uniform.
The cases listed below were identified by looking at the period between !970 and 2015 and unarmed African American men and women’s encounters with police. I looked for cases that were examples of:
- African American arrests, search and seizures, deaths in custody, including shootings, Taser /electro shock, chest compression asphyxia, beating, choking, starvation, genital torture, scalding, multiple gunshots, execution style shootings, deaths in jail cells, use of chemical agents, rough rides, deaths and beatings while handcuffed, denial of medical treatment, etc.
- Examples of unconstitutional unreasonable search and seizures, violations of civil rights, human rights violations, cruel, unusual, inhuman, and degrading treatment that resulted in jury or death.
- Grand Jury and court rulings processes that favored the conflict of interest relationships between district attorneys and the police that they work with every day; Use of legal frameworks to provide safe harbor for terrorists in police uniform.
- Militarization of U. S. domestic police forces, military tactics use by police SWAT teams, ATF, DEA, state, municipal and Federal agencies; deployment and military occupation.
- Failures of the United States government to promote and protect human rights of African Americans according to the treaty obligations that the United states has with in the United Nations through treaties that have been signed and ratified. Namely the UDHR- Universal Declaration of Human Rights/ ICCPR- International Convention for Civil and Political Rights/ ICAT-International Convention Against Torture/ ICERD- International Convention to End all forms of Racial Discrimination
I have chosen to use the descriptive words founds in these international treaty documents because the words that are used by the United States news media organizations, politicians and citizens tend to be euphemisms for much uglier realities. Police brutality can also be called “torture”, “arbitrary punishment”, and “extra-judicial punishment”. An “officer involved shooting” can also be called a “summary execution”, “arbitrary killing”, and “extra- judicial killing”. A list of references, relevant laws and policies is also included as part of this list of Close Encounters of the Dangerous Kind.
Delois Young- Pregnant, 1982, Los Angeles, CA, survived from being shot during false police raid that LA County Sheriff’s Deputy staged to cover his errors in a phony drug raid at 2 A.M. in the morning. Delois confronted them with an unloaded rifle and she was shot, killing the eight- month old fetus. A Superior Court Judge reduced the murder conviction and the assault against the mother; the deputy was found guilty of second degree murder. Delois Young was a victim of “arbitrary punishment” and the fetus was the victim of an “arbitrary killing” and “extra judicial killing”. She experienced “extra-judicial punishment” in the phony drug raid upon her home from gunshot wounds, the loss of her baby, and her subsequent arrest for defending herself with an unloaded gun during an illegal raid.
1. “Fetus Murder Verdict Against Deputy Upheld” by Paul Feldman, Los Angeles Times, July 12, 1985
Eleanor Bumpers- 66 years old, October 1985, New York, NY. Police serving eviction orders busted into her apartment. She had a kitchen knife in her hand when they busted in and fired two shotgun blasts into her chest and killed her. the police had originally reported that they fired only once. In April 13, 1985 a State Judge dismissed the indictment against the police officer that murdered her. Eleanor Bumpers, a senior citizen, was the victim of arbitrary punishment and killing; death should never be the result of eviction orders that are served through a SWAT team raid. Her killing and punishment were “extra-judicial” as she was defending herself against the forced intrusion of the police into her home and she was the victim of a summary execution.
2. “Autopsy Finds Bumpurs Was Hit by Two Blasts” by Selwyn Raab, New York Times, November 27, 1984.
Darnisha Harris- 16 years old, December 2, 2002, Breaux Bridge, Louisiana, Police Officer Travis Guillot fired two shots into the car she was driving killing her. Harris was on probation for battery on a police officer. Officer Guillot was previously accused of multiple instances of
misconduct while working for three different law enforcement agencies including: shooting a dog while on patrol, fondling female inmates, improper treatment of a female inmate who died of cocaine intoxication while in custody, A Grand Jury decided not to indict him for his actions. Darnisha Harris was the victim of Arbitrary punishment, killing, and summary execution.
3. “These 15 Women Were Killed During Police Encounters. Their Lives Matter, Too” by Kate Abbey –Lambert National Reporter, Huffington Post
Alberta Spruill- 57 years old, May 20, 2003, New York, NY, cause of death-heart attack from shock of flash grenade attack on wrong address, police told media they though the house was an “arsenal of guns; drugs and attack dogs”. They busted into her home under a “no knock warrant using a flash grenade at 6:10[RDB1] am. The New York City civil servant was unarmed when she died. Alberta Spruill was the victim of arbitrary punishment and killing. The Police acted outside of their legal authority in the attack and through their manipulation of the media and justice system thus making this a case of extra judicial punishment and killing. Their swift actions amounted to a “summary execution”.
4. “Woman Dies After Police Mistakenly Raid Her Apartment” by William K. Rashbaum, New York Times, May 17, 2003
Hope Steffey- Caucasian October 20, 2006, Stark County, Ohio strip searched after calling 9-11 for help after an assault. She was unconscious and bleeding with facial injuries with a patch her and scalp missing. She was stripped searched by male and female deputies and left naked in a cold cell without a blanket or medical attention while male officers observed her. In 2009 the County and Sheriff’s Dept. denied any wrong doing and settled lawsuits brought by Steffey and other women for $200,000.00.
5. “Hope Steffey Stripped by Police” You Tube Video May 24, 2009
Kathryn Johnson- 92 years old, November 21, 2006. Police serving a “no-knock” warrant based on false information attacked her home by mistake and killed her with five shots. As she lay on the floor bleeding to death they handcuffed her, delayed contacting medical help, and planted false narcotics evidence in her home. Ms. Johnson was the victim of “summary execution, arbitrary punishment and killing.” The unlawful warrant and SWAT team attack and death were “extra-judicial” since they were executed under color of law but were false.
6.“Ex- Atlanta Officers get Prison Time for Cover-up in Deadly Raid” CNN Atlanta Georgia February 24, 2009
Reora Askew- 38 years old, 2007, Philadelphia PA. mental patient was shot five times by police, twice in the back. Reora’s pre-existing psychiatric condition and abnormal behavior were not unlawful and thus did not call for her summary execution or a command and control response from the police. They administered the death penalty to a mentally disabled person without due process legal procedures or laws to follow. The police over reaction to her mental health crisis was both arbitrary and extra judicial. Her death was the result of an arbitrary punishment and extra judicial punishment and was a summary execution. The lawsuit was settled for $500,000.00
7.“Ten Large Payouts Resulting from Philly police- involved shootings” by Sam Wood, Philadelphia Enquirer, March 7, 2015
Tarika Wilson- 26 years old, January 4, 2008, Lima, Ohio was unarmed when she was killed by police bullets as she held her one -year old baby who survived but had a finger amputated. Five children under ten years old left without a mother. The police claimed that they were looking for her previous boyfriend when they decided to shoot into her home. The summary execution and arbitrary killing of Tarika Wilson and wounding of her baby was unjustified since she was not the subject of the alleged warrant they were trying to serve on her former boyfriend.
8. “Ohio Jurors acquit cop linked to death of mom holding baby” Kelli Cardinal, Lima news via AP/ USA Today August 4, 2008
Starr Brown- Pregnant, 2009, Baltimore. MD. was beaten and her faced was slammed into the pavement by police while she was unarmed. She had witnessed a crime and when the police arrived they arrested the wrong person. When Brown told them they were wrong, the police threw her off of a porch and rammed a knee into her back. Beating an unarmed pregnant woman and slamming her face into the pavement is torture and arbitrary punishment. They delayed medical treatment for over 45 minutes. Police often use justification defense that their violent actions can only be judged by their state of mind at the time. These officers were obviously mentally predisposed in this instance to cowardly and violent behavior toward an unarmed pregnant accountant and African American female. Their violence toward her was arbitrary and without any legal basis. She was paid $125,000.00 to settle the case.
9. “Baltimore Sun’ Investigation Shows Police Denied Medical Care to Suspects” by Audie Cornish, NPR, May 11, 2015
Sofia Salva- Pregnant Sudanese immigrant February 5, 2009 Kansas City, MO. She was stopped for license tags violations as she was trying to get to the hospital for a medical emergency involving her pregnancy and excessive bleeding. She was taunted and detained by police who delayed her entry into a hospital. The baby boy lived for one minute before death occurred the next day soon after her release from custody. Sofia was subjected to torture in the police officer’s refusal to let her go to the hospital in the midst of a medical emergency that was life threatening. Her detention and punishment were arbitrary given the non-threatening nature of license tag infractions and the serious nature of her medical condition. The female officer at the scene dismissed her pleas saying “How is that my problem?“
10.”Woman: Cops Ignored Pleas for Help Arrest Baby Died next Day” Associated Press/Fox News January 31, 2007
Aiyana Stanley Jones- 7 years old, May 16, 2010, Detroit, Mich. Police SWAT team filming an A&E episode of “First 48 hours” attacked wrong address in an apartment complex. Police shot a flash grenade that ignited the child’s blanket burning her before the lead officer killed her with a single shot to the head from a MP5 sub-machine gun. The SWAT attack was an arbitrary punishment /killing. The police had no legal basis for any of their actions making her torment under a burning blanket and summary execution examples of extra-judicial punishment and killing. Joseph Weekley, the Detroit police officer that murdered her was tried twice in the killing with both trials ending in mistrial. He is currently still on duty as a police officer in Detroit.
11. “Vigil for Aiyana Stanley- Jones ends with 6 arrests at Detroit Precinct” by Jim Shaeffer and Kianna Harris, Detroit Free Press, July 21,2016
Sharmel Edwards- 49 years old, April 21, 2012, Las Vegas, Nevada, shot by five police up to 24 times with wounds from .223 caliber rifle, .45 caliber pistol, 00 buck shotgun; 9mm pistol. The diminuitive Sharmel Edwards was the sole occupant of an allegedly stolen vehicle that was the property of her boyfriend. She had no major criminal history and worked with disabled children. He told the police that there was a gun in the car which influenced the way the police responded. After thirty-seven minutes of negotiation the five police officers opened on her when she exited the car allegedly “armed with a pistol”. Sharmel was subjected to an extra-judicial summary execution at the hands of a police firing squad who acted as judge, jury, and executioner. Her punishment and killing was arbitrary due to the fact that they should have allowed the negotiations to de-escalate the situation when they obviously had her trapped, cornered, outnumbered, outgunned, and surrounded.
12. “Friends: Woman Killed by Police was Nonviolent” by Mike Blasky, Las Vegas Review- Journal April 27, 2012
Shelly Frey- 27 years old, Texas December 6, 2012 was shot twice in the back of the neck by police while she was unarmed in a car that also had two children inside. Off duty deputy Louis Campbell who was working security for Walmart, Walmart and the security company were named in a lawsuit. Shell Frey was the victim of arbitrary punishment and detention; shoplifting is not a capital offence as Walmart’s policy or the sheriff’s department policy. Her summary execution was an illegal act and wa not supported by law thus making the punishment and killing extra-judicial. I the security guard displayed depraved indifference as he shot her twice in the neck execution style in the presence of children who were close to her in the car. l
13. “Slain Shoplifter’s Family sues Walmart” by Robert Stanton, Houston Chronicle March 7, 2013
Shereese Francis- 29 years old, March 15, 2012 New York, NY Schizophrenic Mental health patient death from chest compression asphyxia, after police dog piled on top of her. Four police officers were on her back when they tried to handcuff her. Sharesse was beaten and shocked with a taser until she quit moving. Mental patients with behavior control problems are not criminals yet the police are punishing them with torture and arbitrary punishment when they are called for assistance. Her cause of death was “compression of the trunk during agitated violent behavior (schizophrenia) while being prone on bed and attempted restraint by officers”. Sharisse Francis was the victim of torture, arbitrary punishment/killing, and extra judicial punishment/killing. The City of New York settled with Francis’s family for $1.1 million.
14. “Family sues to learn why Shereese Francis was Suffocated in her Home by Police” by Nick Pinto, Village Voice, June 28, 2012
Alesia Thomas- 35 years old, July 22, 2012 Los Angeles, CA. Beaten and kicked in the groin seven times by a female police officer. She was handcuffed and her feet were bound; she complained that she couldn’t breathe before she died. The police came to her home after she left her children at the jail because she said she couldn’t take care of them anymore. The beating and kicking of Alesia were acts of torture. While they were trying to handcuff Alesia one officer remarked “this is like roping cattle”. She was tortured by being beaten, kicked, left face down in the police car with her under wear exposed to male police officers after she complained that she couldn’t breathe and medical help was needed. She was torture cruel and unusual punishment, her punishment and killing were arbitrary and extra judicial. Police Officer Mary O’ Callaghan was convicted of assault under color of authority.
15. “L.A. to pay $2.5 million to settle lawsuit with children of woman assaulted by LAPD Officer” by Kate Mather contact Reporter, Los Angeles Times October 15, 2015
Malissa Williams- 30 years old, November 29, 2012, Cleveland, Ohio was shot 24 times as she was an unarmed passenger in a car driven by Timothy Russell who was shot 23 times. Police from several jurisdictions were involved in the 25- minute chase through Cleveland that ended with both people’s deaths from 137 total shots fired. Police officers from Cleveland, East Cleveland, State Trooper, Sheriff’s Department were involved in this traffic stop. The police who officer jumped on top of the hood of Russell’s car and fired over forty shots into the windshield and was involved in the beating and chest compression death of unarmed mental patient Tanisha Anderson two years later. The arbitrary punishment and killing of Malissa Williams and Timothy Russell for a traffic stop were summary executions at the hands of a police firing squad from several jurisdictions were extrajudicial responses to a traffic stop.
16. “Six Cleveland police officers fired for fatal ‘137 shots’ car chase in 2012” by Mark Berman, Washington Post, January 26, 2016
Kayla Moore- 41 years old, February 13, 2013 Berkeley, California, Transgendered Female mental patient suffering from schizophrenia died after being subjected to a police “dog pile” of five to six police officers laying and kneeling on top of her. Death was from chest compression positional asphyxia. Police officer’s homophobia caused them to deny a mouth to mouth life- saving technique after she quit breathing which was an act of torture. The rough and unnecessary manner of detention was torture in response to a 9-11 medical emergency call was a form of arbitrary detention and punishment. The dog piling of six police combined with Kayla’s head being covered with a ‘spithood’ and Kayla’s legs and feet restrained in a WRAP device was an over- response and extrajudicial in nature leading to Kayla’s death from positional asphyxia making it an arbitrary and extra judicial detention, punishment, and killing.
17. ”Three years after Kayla Moore’s in-custody death, protesters gather for vigil, march” by Pressly Pratt/Staff , The Daily Californian, September 22, 2016
Miriam Carey- 34 years old, October 3, 2013, Washington D.C. She was unarmed when she was shot five times out of 26 bullets that were fired into her car with her one-year old daughter in the car at the time. She hit a road barricade while trying to make a u-turn. U.S. Secret Service Agents fatally shot Carey after she drove her car through a security check point, seemingly ignoring orders to stop. A federal Prosecutor said that he would not file charges against the S.S. Agents. Miriam Carey was the victim of a summary execution by a Secret Service firing Squad, arbitrary punishment, and killing. She was the recipient of extra- judicial punishments that did not fit any traffic violations she had committed.
18.” A Deadly U-turn: Did Miriam Carey Need to Die After Wrong Car Move at White House Checkpoint?” by Amy Goodman, Democracy Now! March 17, 2015
Yvette Smith- 47 years old, February 16, 2014, Bastrop, Texas. She was unarmed yet she still was shot and killed by police as she was obeying an order to come out of a house. Her senseless punishment and death were unwarranted and arbitrary in nature. She was the victim of a summary execution by the police. This case is yet another example of how callous U.S law enforcement agents’ practices are toward women of African descent who are unarmed. The result of this state sanctioned institutionalized enmity is arbitrary punishment/killing; extra- judicial punishment/killing; and summary execution.
19. “Texas Police caught in enormous Lie about their murder of unarmed mother Yvette Smith”
By Shaun King, Daily KOS September 18, 2015
Kianga Mwamba- March 2014, Baltimore, MD survived a brutal assault by police who objected to her filming them kicking a man on the side of the road, they stopped her, yanked her out of the car, seized her camera, called her a “dumb bitch’, handcuffed her. they also attempted to delete the entry in her cell phone records Ms. Mwamba is the daughter of a Maryland Capitol Police Officer. Her treatment was a form of arbitrary and extra-judicial detention and punishment since she had broken no laws and was unarmed. she was not interfering with policeman kept a respectful distance she was entitled to record the policeman’s rogue behavior. The seizure of her camera was unreasonable and without legal merit under the U. S. Constitution. She was not a violent physical threat to the police and had done nothing to warrant being called degrading names and handcuffed. The police officer’s prior state of mind toward African American females led to her detention and punishment that were both arbitrary and extra-judicial.
20. “Woman in arrest video describes violent take down by police’ by Ian Duncan Contact Reporter, The Baltimore sun December 9, 2014
Angela Williams- 37 years old, August 2014, Beavercreek, Ohio Angela collapsed from a heart attack in Walmart, after police shot and killed John Crawford III who was buying a BB gun. She was a nurse who had prior medical conditions of hypertensive and arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease. She was trying to run from the danger of the shooting when she collapsed. She was engaged to be married on the upcoming Saturday. The shooting of John Crawford that triggered Angela Williams’ deadly heart condition was an arbitrary and extra- judicial killing. The police actions were not covered by law since neither individual was armed or was committing a crime at the time of their deaths.
21. “Funeral set for Woman at Walmart Shooting” by Steve Bennish/ Staff Writer Dayton Daily News, August 6,2014
Sharon Mosley- 25 years old, August 2014, Jefferson County, Georgia. She was shot multiple times in front of her three year old daughter after being falsely accused of shoplifting. She was down on her knees obeying police commands when she was shot. She was unarmed, carrying only an over-sized cell phone; no stolen merchandise was in her possession at the time of the murder. Sharon’s punishment and killing was arbitrary and extrajudicial since she was unarmed and had committed no crime.
22. “Another victim of Protect and Serve” by Kate Green, The African American August 25, 2014
Tanisha Anderson- 37years old, November 13, 2014 Cleveland, OH, unarmed mental patient death from chest compression asphyxia, beaten, by police who were called to help her through a mental health episode. This murder happened one week before the death of 13 year- old Tamir Rice at the hands of the Cleveland Police Department. She died from “physical restraint in a prone position” and chest compression from having police dog pile on top of her until she stopped breathing. Police made no attempt to provide her with medical assistance. Officer Aldridge had been suspended and disciplined in the shooting deaths of Malissa Williams and Timothy Russell two years earlier. Tansiha Anderson was tortured by the beating and chest compression asphyxiation that eventually took her life. Her torture punishment and killing were arbitrary and extra- judicial.
23. “Expert hired by Tanisha Anderson family says Cleveland Police used Excessive force by Eric Heisig, Cleveland.com July 11, 2016
Rekia Boyd- 22 years old, March 2012, Chicago, Illinois. Rekia was a mentally ill woman who was tasered by an off duty Chicago police officer and who died from gunshot wounds to the back of her head. The use of a taser weapon on an unarmed mental patient is a cruel and unusual form of punishment and an act of torture; and gunshot wounds to the back of the head were “execution style” making her summary execution extra judicial and an arbitrary punishment/killing. Police officers are trained to aim and shoot at the trunk at the center of the body mass. Shots at close range to the back of an unarmed female mental patient were done with impunity and are not covered by police policy. The police man escaped prosecution by saying that he was in fear for his life. This is the same incredible lie that is told by cops who have shot all the other unarmed men, women and children of African descent. This police defense is a free pass for murder and state sponsored terrorism.
24.”Rekia Boyd Shooting was ‘Beyond reckless’, so cop got a pass” by Editorial Board, Chicago Tribune April 22, 2015
Aura Rosser-40 years old, November 10, 2014, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Police repeatedly shocked her with a taser weapon before they opened fire and shot her to death. This punishment was cruel, unusual, and arbitrary. Aura Rosser had the death penalty administered by torture and summary execution. The police circumvented the U.S. Constitution with the torture and summary execution of Aura Rosser. The white police officer’s actions with the mentally ill woman were justified as acts of “self -defense” because the police officer felt threatened. The police officer’s prior state of mind was one of fear, cowardice, and racism which is all any cop need to have to escape prosecution for killing Black people.
25. “No Charges for Officer who killed mentally ill woman who ‘confronted’ police with a knife” by Kate Abbey-Lambertz National Reporter, The Huffington Post, February 3, 2015
Makiah Jackson-3 years old, June 2015, Detroit Michigan, died after being struck by a car that was being pursued at high speeds on a small residential street. She was playing in front of her home with her six year- old brother who was also struck and killed from by vehicular homicide initiated by the police overreaction to a minor offense. Both children were dragged by the car as the police continued. The chase ended when they did a “bumping”-maneuver that caused the fleeing car to go out of control injuring three more children and an adult female in the process. This is a case of arbitrary punishment and killing, depraved indifference, and reckless endangerment. The police “over pursued” the vehicle they were going to stop for a minor offense before the chase started on a small street were children were out playing.
26. “Cops Refuse to Stop Chase: Plowing over multiple children, killing them during neighborhood pursuit” by Eva Decescare,The Free Thought Project.com June 27, 2015
Zyaire Gardener-7 years-old, June 2015, Detroit, Michigan, survived critical injuries with two other children after being hit by a car that went out of control as the result of a high speed chase on their small street. The reckless disregard of the children’s safety brought terror and death to their neighborhood in the form of arbitrary punishment by police actions.
27. ibid, Eva Decescare, The Free Thought Press 2015
Lakendra Hill-22 years- old, June 2015, Detroit Michigan, survived critical injuries after being hit by a car being pursued in a high speed chase on a small residential street. The car that injured her went out of control after the police bumped into it from the side causing the vehicle to go out of control. Lakendra and the children who were injured and killed by the police actions were the victims of arbitrary punishment and killing.
28.Ibid, Eva Decescare, The Free Thought Press 2015
Renette Turner- 42 years- old, November 29, 2015, Mt. Vernon, New York, mother of eight children died in a police holding cell while awaiting a court hearing on shoplifting charges in Mt. Vernon. She had spent two days in custody. State Attorney General Eric Schneiderman was named as Special Prosecutor involving police killings in the investigation of Renette’s death from arbitrary punishment and killing.
29.”Woman died in holding cell while waiting hearing in Mt. Vernon” by CBS New York/AP
July 28, 2015
Kamilah Brock-32 years old, September, 2015, New York, NY, Wall Street investment banker falsely arrested and sent to a mental hospital, stripped of her underwear, drugged and interrogated under medication for eight days because police did not believe a Black woman could legally own a BMW automobile. The inherent biases and prior states of mind show that the police in New York City demonstrate toward African American women are both racist and degrading. Police with these predilections act as they did toward Kamilah Brock while routinely practicing inhumane and degrading treatment leading to torture, Arbitrary detention/Punishment, and Extra- judicial punishment.
30. “New York cops held Kamilah Brock in a Psych ward because they didn’t believe she owned her BMW” by Taku Dzimwasha www.ibtimes September 13, 2015
Close Encounters of the Dangerous Kind:
Unarmed Women and Girls of African Descent and Violent Police Encounters 1982-2015-Demographic Categories-
Age 50 and Over-
Eleanor Bumpers- 66 years old New York, NY death from two shot gun blasts to the chest 1985.
Arbitrary punishment and killing/ Extra Judicial punishment and killing/ Summary Execution
Alberta Spruill- 57 years old 5/20/2003 death from heart attack after home hit by flash grenade. The New York Civil Servant was unarmed as the victim of a botched raid on the wrong address conducted by a SWAT Emergency Services Team. The sudden attack upon Ms. Spruill’s home was a form a torture that shocked her into cardiac arrest and death from a heart attack. Her killing and punishment were arbitrary and extrajudicial since the police attacked the wrong address and lied to cover it up. She was the victim of a summary execution and was given the death penalty on the spot before a jury process occurred.
Kathryn Johnson- 92 years old, November 21, 2006 was handcuffed as she died after having been shot five times out of a total of 39 bullets fired at her by police. The police broke down her door. Some of the police bullets hit other police who had attacked the wrong house and tried to cover up their errors by planting false narcotics evidence in the home of Ms. Johnson. Her family was given $4.9 million to settle the case according to a report by CNN on 8/16/2010. The murder of Kathryn Johnson was preceded by acts of torture including psychological terrorism and the refusal to provide Ms. Johnson with medical help while they handcuffed her and tried to frame her by putting dope in her home. The multiple bullets fired her by the police were like a summary execution conducted by a firing squad.
Age 18 and Under-
Aiyana Stanley Jones- 7 years old 5/16/2010 Detroit, Michigan, burned by flash grenade, killed with gunshot during SWAT team raid on the wrong address.
Darnisha Harris- 16 years old, 12/2/2012. Breaux Bridge, LA. death
Makiah Jackson- 3 years old, June 2015, Detroit, Michigan death
Zyaire Gardener- 7 years old, Detroit, Michigan, run over by police car death
Dymond Wilborn- 12 years old, Arbitrary detention and punishment
Immigrants of African Descent-
Sofia Salva- Pregnant Sudanese immigrant 10/17/2008 Kansas City, MO. Baby miscarriage after medical help was at first denied to her by police and then was delayed before her hospitalization.
Sofia Salva- Sudanese immigrant 10/17/2008 Kansas City, MO. Baby miscarriage after medical help was denied to her by police and then was delayed before her hospitalization.
Starr Brown- 2009 Baltimore, MD. Assaulted and face slammed to the pavement
Prior Physical or Mental Condition-
Reora Askew 2007, Philadelphia, PA. Mental patient shot by police five times; two shots hit her in the back.
Sharesse Francis 29 years old 3/15/2012, New York, NY. Mental patient who also suffered with
obesity and asthma died from chest compression asphyxia after police dog piled on top of her. In this case and the Kayla Moore case police on used the excuse that the cause of death had tpo due to obesity and extreme agitation. This argument is specious at best due the fact the both individual were obese, in agitated states of behavior, and were living with these issues before the police arrived and smothered them to death.
Rekia Boyd- 22years old March 2012, Chicago, Illinois. Mentally ill woman died from two gunshots to the back of her head after she had been tasered.
Kayla Moore- 41 years old, February 13, 2013, Berkeley, CA. Kayla was an obese transgender woman who suffered from schizophrenia. She died of “positional asphyxia” caused from chest compression resulting from having five to six police officers laying and kneeling on her while she was handcuffed, had a spit hood placed over her head, and placed in a WRAP body restraint device. When she quit breathing police officers would not give her mouth to mouth resuscitation due to their homophobia. The police officers had a prior state of mind that was obviously a combination of misogyny and homophobia. This state of mind caused them to practice a cruel and unusual arbitrary detention punishment/killing. Their actions defy international standards of proper police conduct because they are able to practice Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, and torture with impunity and given safe harbor by the legal system. After three years the City of Berkeley wants the case dismissed.
Angela Williams- August 5, 2014, Beavercreek, Ohio. Angela had hypertension and arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease. She collapsed from a heart attack after seeing police shoot and kill an innocent Black man, John Crawford Jr., who was holding a toy BB gun he was about to purchase.
Tanisha Anderson- 37 years old, November 13, 2014 Cleveland, Ohio. Mental patient died from chest compression after being beaten by the same policeman involved in the shooting deaths of Malissa Williams and Timothy Russell two years earlier. This case again raises a warning flag over the usual police defense that their current state of mind justifies murder with impunity. The state of mind of the policeman who had previously killed two other Black people must be scrutinized. Too many police with the blood on their hands and in their minds from prior killings and misconduct are able to administer arbitrary punishments and killings because they have the seemingly airtight legal argument that they “fear for their lives”. This cowardly fear of Black people is the dominant state of mind in hundreds of cities where police treat Black Communities like they are zones of military conflict and are in fact occupied urban territories.
Sandra Bland- 28 years old, July 13, 2015 Texas. Sandra Bland was assaulted and hit before being taken to a holding cell where she was found dead and hanging by her neck. She had filled out intake forms at the jail that indicated that she had contemplated suicide before. She was placed in a cell without a suicide watch or a medical evaluation and was provided the means for allegedly hanging herself.
Search and Seizure, Arrest and Detention Pretexts:
Sofia Salva- Pregnant Sudanese immigrant on February 5, 2009 was stopped for speeding while on her way to the hospital for a medical emergency involving the pregnancy, she was at first denied medical help by the police officers who subjected her to taunts and ridicule. When they finally released her to go the hospital the baby miscarried.
Sandra Bland- 28 years old, July 13, 2015, Texas, death by hanging, suicidal woman, beaten, placed in cell without suicide watch or medical supervision and provided means of committing suicide in jail cell; Arbitrary Punishment/ Torture
Alberta Spruill- 57 years old, May 20, 2003, New York, NY. Death from heart attack from the shock of a flash grenade exploding in her home. The police had attacked the wrong address and told the news media that they thought that “the house was an arsenal of guns, drugs, and attack dogs.”
Kathryn Johnson- 92 years old, November 2006 Atlanta. GA. was shot five times and handcuffed as she lay dying with no attempt to tend to her wounds or call for immediate medical help. Police planted false narcotics evidence in her home to cover over the fact that that had attacked the wrong address.
Aiyana Stanley-Jones 7 years old, May 16, 2010 Detroit, Michigan Police SWAT team filming an episode of “First 48 Hours” staged an attack on the wrong address, shot a flash grenade into the dwelling which caused the little girl’s blanket to catch fire, the lead officer through the door killed her with a single shot
Alberta Spruill- 57 years old, May 20, 2003 New York, NY. died from a heart attack from the shock of a police flash grenade that was shot into her home which was the wrong address. The police told the news media that they thought that the house was an arsenal of guns, drugs, and attack dogs.
Kathryn Johnson- 92 years old, November 2006 Atlanta, GA. Was shot five times and handcuffed as she lay dying with no attempt to tend to her wounds or call for immediate medical help. Police planted false narcotics evidence in her home to cover over the fact that they had attacked the wrong address.
Violent Encounter Categories:
Eleanor Bumpers- 66 years old, October 1985, New York, NY. Cause of death from two police shotgun blasts while serving eviction orders; Extra-Judicial Punishment, Arbitrary Killing, and Summary Execution
Kathryn Johnson- 92 years old, November 2006, shot five times, handcuffed as she lay dying with no medical treatment while police planted false narcotics evidence in her home; Torture, Summary Execution
Reora Askew- 2007, Philadelphia, PA, Mental patient shot five times, twice in the back by police; Extra Judicial Punishment, Summary Execution
Malissa Williams- 30 years old, November 29, 2012, Cleveland, Ohio shot 24 times by police who shot her male companion 23 times, Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Summary Execution
Miriam Carey- 34 years old, October 3, 2013, Washington D.C., shot five times by police with one- year old daughter in the car at the time, Arbitrary Punishment/ Killing, Summary Execution
Sharon Mosely-25 years old, August 2014.Jefferson County, Georgia shot multiple times after being falsely accused of shoplifting, Arbitrary Killing, Summary Execution
Gunshots to the Head, Neck, Temple-
Rekia Boyd- 22 years old, March 2012, Chicago, Illinois Mentally ill woman death by gunshots to the back of her head after being Tasered by an off duty police officer; Torture, Extra Judicial punishment/ Killing, Summary Execution
Shelly Frey- 27 years old, Texas, December 6, 2012 shot twice in the neck by police, Arbitrary Punishment killing. Summary Execution
Chest Compression, Choking, Suffocation
Sharesse Francis- 29 years old, March 15,2012 New York, NY. Mental patient was killed from chest compression after police dog piled on top of her.
Kayla Moore- 41 years old, February 13, 2013 Berkeley, CA. Transgender female mental patient with schizophrenia died of “positional asphyxia” from chest compression caused by five to six police officers “dog piling” on top of her. although they were originally called for medical help during a psychotic break through 9-11 she was handcuffed, forced faced down onto a futon, and placed in a WRAP body restraint device while her head was covered with a spit hood. When she quit breathing police officers would not perform a mouth to mouth procedure due to their homophobia. Her body was stripped nude and carried out uncovered properly and exposed for witnesses to see. The manner of death makes this a case of torture because it is a cruel and unusual punishment. (See the Eight Amendment to the U. S. Constitution and the United Nations CAT Human Rights Treaty on Torture) Arbitrary detention, Arbitrary Killing/ Extra Judicial punishment, Extra Judicial Killing
Tanisha Anderson- 37 years old November 13, 2014 Cleveland, Ohio Mental patient died from chest compression after police beat her they lay on top of her under she quit moving. Ms. Anderson was killed by the same police man involved in killing Malissa Williams and Timothy Russell. Cleveland’s Police department shows a pattern of rogue cops being hired re-hired and promoted through their ranks. The officer involved shooting of 13 year- old Tamir Rice was performed by a police officer who also had been terminated for misconduct in previous employment with at least one other police department. The mayor of Cleveland was alarmed when he visited a Cleveland police station and found that the walls of the locker room and lavatory were filled with racist grafftti against Black people.
Death while Handcuffed or being Handcuffed-
Alesia Thomas- 22 years old July 22,2012, Los Angeles, CA was beaten and kicked in the groin seven times by a female police officer. She was bound hand and foot and complained that she couldn’t breathe before she died inside of the police car. When a person is unarmed, handcuffed, with their bound feet how much more command and control is really necessary? Beating a woman thus bound is cowardly, cruel, and unusual. It is Torture, Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment and Killing.
Kayla Moore- 41 years old, February 13, 2013, Berkeley. CA Schizophrenic Transgender was handcuffed, restrained in a WRAP device, and her head was covered with a spit hood. The mental patient died from “positional asphyxia” from chest compression caused by five to six police officers laying and kneeling on top on her. She died while fully restrained. Torture, Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/ Killing,
Taser, Electro-Shock, Stun Gun
Aura Rosser- 40 years old, June 4, 2015, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Taser, killed by police bullets; Torture, Arbitrary Punishment/ Killing, Summary Execution
Beating and Physical Assault-
Starr Brown- Pregnant, 2009, Baltimore, Maryland, Survived, beating, slammed on face to pavement, Arbitrary detention/Punishment, Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture
Genital & Sexual Assault
Alesia Thomas-25 years old, July 22, 2012. California died in police car, kicked in the groin seven times and beaten by female police officer, complained she couldn’t breathe while bound hand and foot; Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/ Killing, Torture, Summary
Death or Injury in Custody, Police Car, Holding Cell
Renette Turner- 42 years old, July 2015, Mt. Vernon, NY., Mother of eight died in police holding cell; extra judicial punishment, Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Torture
Death while Surrendering
Yvette Smith- 47 years old, February 16, 2014 Bastrop, Texas, Death by gunfire while obeying a police order to come out of a house, Extra judicial Punishment / Killing, Summary Execution.
Makiah Jackson- 3 years old, June 2015, Detroit, Michigan, died after being struck by a car being pursued by police at high speeds. She was playing in front of her home with her 6 year- old bother who was also struck and killed. Both children were dragged by the car as the police continued the chase that ended with four more people being critically injured. Arbitrary Killing
Zyaire Gardener- 7 years old, June 2015, Detroit, Michigan, survived critical injuries with two other children after being hit by a car being pursued by police at high speeds for a parole violation; Arbitrary Punishment
Lakendra Hill- 22 years old, June 2015, Detroit, Michigan, survived critical injuries after being hit by a car being pursued in a high speed chase on a residential street. Three children critically injured two children dead. Police were pursuing the suspect for a parole violation; Arbitrary Punishment
Categories of Gross Neglect, Depraved indifference, Rogue Behavior:
Denial or delay of medical treatment-
Kathryn Johnson- 92 years old, November 2006 Ms. Johnson was shot five times and handcuffed as she was dying. Police officers delayed medical treatment while they planted false narcotics evidence to cover up the fact that they had attacked the wrong address.
Sofia Salva- Pregnant Sudanese immigrant in Kansas City, MO February 5, 2009 was stopped for speeding to the hospital during a medical emergency. She pleaded to be allowed to go to the hospital and was taunted and ridiculed by the police officers. She miscarried the baby after she was released to go to the hospital,
Kayla Moore- 41 years old, February 13, 2013, Transgender Female, Berkeley, CA. Schizophrenic mental patient was killed by police who were originally called to help deal with a medical emergency involving Kayla. She was handcuffed, wrestled face down onto a futon, had her feet bound, her head was covered with a spit-hood, her legs were further secured in a WRAP restraint device, five to six police dogpiled on top of her. After she lost consciousness and stopped breathing their homophobia toward Kayla kept them from applying mouth to mouth resuscitation.
Unarmed Women and Girls of African Descent and Police Encounters/ Relevant Treaties and Related Laws, etc.
1. United Nations Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, Adopted August 30, 1955 by the U.N.
Conference on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders U.N. Doc.A / Conf / 611, annex1, E.S.C. Res 663c/ amended in 1957 and 1977 See sections 30-32 on Discipline and Punishments, prisoner complaints, instruments of restraint, torture
2. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, (ICCPR Human Rights Treaty) entry into force January 4, 1969, in accordance with Article 19 999UNTS 171, entered into force March 23, 1976 United States ratified after Senate advice and consent April 2, 1992: 138 Cong .Rec. S4782
3. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, (CERD Human Rights Treaty)
Entry into force January 4, 1969, in accordance with Article 19, under Convention on Elimination of Racial Discrimination 660 UNTS 195 (1966) US ratified after Senate advice and consent June 24, 1994:
Cong. Rec. S7634 (1994)
4. Convention Against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, (CAT Human Rights Treaty Entry into force June 1987, in accordance with article 27 (1) Convention Against Torture 1465 UNTS 85 US completed ratification 1994 after Senate advice and consent: 136 Cong. Rec. S17491-2 (October 2, 1990) Implementation of the CAT Treaty (8 C.F.R. sec208.18)
5. The United States has signed but not ratified the CRC Human Rights treaty that protects the rights of the child or the CEDAW Human Rights treaty that protect the rights of women; these treaties nonetheless are not to be violated by the US under customary international law agreements.
6. United Nations Optional Protocol on Children in War Zones; see the six “grave violations” in 2005 the UN Security Council established a monitoring and reporting mechanism; at least four of the six grave violations appear in the cases involving girls and boys of African descent
7. Geneva Convention- June 1977 defines the rights and protections of unarmed non-combatant civilians in a war zone, and the creation of special provisions to prevent assaults on civilian women and children that are not a part of hostilities
8. Torture Victims Protection Act 28 U.S.C. ss1602 HR 2092 1991 102nd Congress (TVPA) has been used in domestic cases like Meshal v. Higgenbotham
9. US Constitution / Bill of Rights 4th, 5th, 6th, 8th, 14th Amendments
10. ACR 129 Human Rights Reporting Requirements- (2010) California State Legislature – Assembly Concurrent Resolution N0. 129 Requires the Attorney General of the State of California to report on the status of international human rights treaty compliance, and violations of the ICCPR, CERD, and CAT treaties to the United Nations as required by United States Treaty obligations
Close Encounters of the Dangerous Kind:
Unarmed Men and Boys of African Descent and Police Encounters-Arbitrary Punishments, Detentions, Killings, Torture Extra Judicial Punishments; Summary Executions, 1970-2015
Compiled by Daniel A. Buford Executive Director
Meiklejohn Civil Liberties Institute, Berkeley. California
August 3. 2016
James Earl Green, 17 years old, May 14, 1970, Jackson St. University, Mississippi, one of two students shot dead by police, Mississippi National Guard that day, 12 more wounded during student protest demonstration. Arbitrary Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Summary Execution
Phillip Lafayette Gibbs, 21 years old, May 14, 1970, Jackson State University, Mississippi, one of two students killed that day, 12 more wounded during student protest demonstration. Arbitrary Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Summary Execution
Michael Stewart, 19 years old, September 28, 1983, New York Police caused death from beating and choking him with a night stick for graffiti vandalism. Arbitrary Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture
Wadie Suttles, 66 years old, November, 1983, Chattanooga, Tenn. Death from severe head trauma to brain stem, police beat him with “slap jacks”. Left unconscious in cell, denied medical treatment, died in hospital; Arbitrary Detention, Torture, Extra Judicial Killing.
Mark Davidson, 18 years old, April 17, 1985, survived, New York, NY arrested for selling $10.00 bag of marijuana, police beat him and used stun guns on his back and stomach for twenty minutes to force a confession which they received after threating to stun Davidson’s genitals; Arbitrary detention, Arbitrary Punishment, Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture
Adolph Archie- 40 years old, March 22, 1990 New Orleans, LA. Died in police custody after being shot, beaten, and stomped by a mob of angry NOLA cops, 13 hours in custody without medical attention, cracked skull, crushed larynx, shattered face; Arbitrary Punishment, Extra judicial Killing, Torture
Rodney King- March 3, 1991, Los Angeles, CA unarmed construction worker survived after being beaten by five police officers for a traffic stop; Tasered, fractured facial bone, broken ankle, multiple bruises and lacerations, 11 skull fractures, permanent brain damage, broken bones and teeth, and kidney damage. Arbitrary Punishment, Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture
John Daniels Jr- 36 years old, July 1, 1992, Los Angeles, CA. tow truck operator shot dead after pattern of harassment from LAPD; Arbitrary detention, Extra Judicial Punishment, Summary Execution
Malice Green- 36 years old, November 3, 1992, Detroit, Michigan, beaten in the head with a police flashlight, caused seizures and death; Arbitrary punishment, Arbitrary Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture
Gino Thompson- 40 years old, April 16, 1994, Philadelphia, Pa. Survived and rendered permanently paralyzed by police “rough ride” in back of police van over road barriers while zig zagging and severed his spine; Arbitrary Punishment, Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture
Abner Louima, 30 years old, August 1997, New York, NY, Haitian immigrant survived police beating and sodomy with a broken broom stick handle; left bleeding from rectum in holding cell without getting immediate medical attention; Arbitrary Detention, Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture
Calvin Saunders, 21 years old, 1997, Philadelphia, PA, survived “rough ride” in back of police van which stopped suddenly and rammed his head against van wall paralyzed and rendered quadriplegic; Arbitrary Punishment, Torture
Franklin Reid, 19 years old, 1998, New Milford, Conn. Death by police gunfire; Arbitrary Punishment, Extra Judicial Killing, Summary Execution
Amadou Diallo, 23 years old , February 4, 1999 New York , Liberian Immigrant from Guinea shot 19 times by plain clothes NYPD policemen who fired total of 41 shots, killed while obeying a police command to show his hands and the wallet he was holding. Arbitrary Detention/Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Summary Execution
Michael Carpenter, 30 years old, March 19, 1999, Cincinnati, Ohio Death by police gunfire for having expired license tags shooting called unjustified by the city’s Office of Municipal Investigation and Citizen’s police review panel; Arbitrary Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Summary Execution
Charles Beatty, 66 Years old, June 2000, Los Angeles, CA, Retired Aerospace worker survived after being shot in the back four times, a bullet still lodged in his back rendered him disabled; Arbitrary detention, Arbitrary punishment, Extra Judicial Punishment
Roger Owensby Jr- 29 years old, November 7, 2000, Cincinnati, Ohio Death in the back of a police car after being handcuffed, beaten, sprayed with a chemical agent; Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture, Arbitrary killing
Patrick Dorismond, 26 years old, July 27, 2000, New York NY, Haitian immigrant security guard died after being shot in lungs and aorta by off duty policeman; Arbitrary Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Summary Execution
Timothy Thomas, 19 years old, April 7, 2001, Cincinnati, Ohio shot at close range by a Cincinnati police officer after a foot chase when they tried to arrest him for seatbelt and traffic violations; Arbitrary killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Summary Execution
Ousmane Zongo, 43 years old, May 22, 2003, New York, Burkina Faso immigrant, death by police gunfire; Arbitrary Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Summary execution
Albert Mosely, June 25, 2003, Baltimore, MD. Survived and rendered quadriplegic during his arrest for a probation violation, beaten, slammed, thrown head first into wall of holding cell, denied immediate medical attention; Arbitrary Punishment, Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture
Paul Childs, 15 years old, July 5, 2003, Denver, Colorado, mentally ill boy shot four times by police; Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/ Killing
Deandre Brunson, 24 years old, August 24, 2003 Los Angeles, CA died from being shot twenty-two times by LAPD, a police dog was also shot by the police by accident at the same time. The dog was given immediate medical treatment and taken away on a medical emergency helicopter while Brunson bled to death and received no medical attention. Arbitrary Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture, Summary Execution
Nathaniel Jones, 41 years old, November 3, 2003, Cincinnati, Ohio died after being refused medical attention, beaten to death with aluminum nightstick; Arbitrary Punishment, Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture
Paul Childs, 15 years old, July 5, 2003, Denver, CO, Mentally disabled child died after being shot four times by police; Arbitrary Punishment, Extra Judicial Killing, Summary Execution.
Timothy Stansberry Jr. 19 years old, January 2004, New York, NY unarmed teen with no prior criminal record killed by police gunfire; Arbitrary Punishment, Extra Judicial killing, Summary Execution… Death
Al Hixon, 45 years old, April 2, 2005, Golden Valley, MN. Survived police assault, thrown face down onto pavement, handcuffed, police officer’s boot on his neck while pepper spray was shot deep into his nostrils, scorching his lungs. Arbitrary Punishment/ Detention, Extra judicial Punishment, torture
Dondi Johnson Sr. -43 years old, 12/7/2005, Baltimore MD, detained for public urination, beaten, handcuffed, given rough ride in police van un-seat belted, dislocated and fractured spine death from injuries two weeks later, police falsified evidence regarding his injuries during reports. Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/ Killing, Torture
Raymond Robair, 48 years old, August 1, 2005 New Orleans, LA, Died from a beating at the hands of New Orleans police officers that fractured his ribs, lacerated his liver, and punctured his spleen; taken to hospital by police who did not inform staff that they had just beat him into an unconscious state. Arbitrary Killing, Torture, Extra Judicial Punishment.
Jaymichael Mitchell, 24 years old, August 16, 2005 Portsmouth, Virginia Mental patient died in police custody after three months for stealing a candy bar, soda, and a sandwich; Starved , malnourished lost significant amount of weight (65lbs) before death. Arbitrary detention, Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture
Henry Glover, 31 years old, September 2, 2005, New Orleans, LA, Shot and killed by NOLA Police dept. in aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, police and National Guard given “shoot to kill” orders by Governor. Police put him in a car while he was possibly still alive and set the car on fire to hide evidence Arbitrary Killing, Arbitrary Punishment, Torture, Summary Execution
James Brissette, 17 years old, September 2005, New Orleans, LA, Killed by shotguns and assault rifles of police and unorganized militia during Hurricane Katrina evacuation; Arbitrary Killing, Extra Judicial punishment, Summary Execution
Ronald Madison, 40 years old, September 2005, New Orleans, LA Mentally disabled man evacuating form Hurricane Katrina shot to death from shot guns and assault rifles by New Orleans Police and Unorganized militia; Arbitrary Killing, Extra Judicial punishment , Summary Execution
Jessie Lee Williams- 2/4/2006, Harrison County Jail, Mississippi, Father of six handcuffed, assaulted, kicked, beaten, shocked numerous times with Taser weapon, hogtied with handcuffs on hands behind his back to his feet, police picked up like a suit case and dropped him to the floor, hood placed over his head and filled with pepper spray, water torture, denial and delay of medical treatment…Death, Arbitrary Punishment/ Killing, Extra judicial Punishment/ Killing, Torture
Gary King, 20 years old, 9/20/2007, Oakland, CA assaulted by Police who arbitrarily detained King through racial profiling, false accusation of drug dealing, grabbed by his braids, Tasered, shot, killed. His mother was not allowed into emergency room when he died and did not to see his body for six days.
Oscar Grant, 22 years, January 1, 2009, Oakland California BART Police, Assaulted and falsely detained Oscar Grant, and shot him dead in the back as three officers were on top of him while he was being handcuffed; handcuffed after he was shot with no medical attention given. Arbitrary Detention/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/ Killing, Torture, Summary Execution
Shem Walker, 49 years, July 11, 2009, Army Veteran Shot dead by an undercover New York City Narcotics Detective after Walker confronted him about loitering on his elderly mother’s stoop. Arbitrary Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Summary Execution.
Marshawn Pitts- 15 years old, October 7, 2009 Dolton, Illinois, patient at a school for children with special needs survived police assault after being punched in the face repeatedly, slammed against a wall, face held to the floor to prevent breathing, broken nose; Arbitrary Punishment, Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture
Omar Edwards- 25 years old, May 28, 2009, off duty police officer shot by a NYPD cop as he was trying to stop someone from breaking into his car; Arbitrary Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Summary Execution
Jerriel Lyles- 1/8/2009 Baltimore, Maryland, survived police brutality of being beaten, strip searched, having fingers jammed up his rectum, suffered seizures, eye damage Arbitrary/ Detention, Arbitrary Punishment/ Torture, Extra Judicial Punishment
Ronnie Holloway- 49 years old, May 29, 2009 schizophrenic man on medication was beaten with fists and with a police nightstick, arrested because he did not zip up his hooded sweatshirt when ordered to by the cop. Survived with serious eye injuries; Arbitrary punishment, Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture
Steven Eugene Washington, 27 years old, March 20, 2010, Los Angeles, CA. Learning Disabled man killed with a single shot to the head from police gunfire, Arbitrary Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Summary Execution
Marvin Booker- 56 years old, July 9, 2010, Denver, Colorado Homeless street preacher, Tasered, handcuffed, placed in sleeper hold, dog piled and beaten to death by police; Arbitrary Punishment /Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/ Killing, Torture
D.J. Henry- 20 years old, October 18, 2010, New York, Pace University football player shot dead by a policeman in his moving car for a traffic violation. Arbitrary Punishment / killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Summary Execution
Bernard Bailey, 54 years old, 2011, Eutawville, South Carolina, former police chief shot him three times (twice in the chest, once in the shoulder)for arguing over his daughter’s broken taillight traffic ticket.
*James McKenna-(Caucasian), 2011, Philadelphia, PA. Survived police officers “rough ride” in a police van, severely injuring him and leaving him with a broken neck. Arbitrary Punishment, Extra- Judicial Punishment, Torture
Reginald Doucet-25 years old, January 14, 2011, Los Angeles ,CA. shot for disturbing the peace by LAPD, Arbitrary Punishment/ Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Summary Execution
Derrick Williams-22 years old, July 2011, Milwaukee, WI Death from beating and delayed medical attention for his injuries
Travis McNeil- 28 years old, February 2011, Miami, Florida was shot and killed by a police officer working for a Federal task force after a traffic stop. DOJ (Dept. of Justice) found that the police department engaged in excessive force. Arbitrary Punishment / Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Summary Execution
Carmelo Winans, 29 years old, March 14, 2011, Philadelphia , PA, Mental health patient died from police gunfire. Arbitrary Punishment /Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Summary Execution
Kelly Thomas, 37 years old, July 5, 2011, Fullerton, CA. Death at the hands of police after being beaten, Tasered, and “dog piled” by police who lay on top of him for causing a disturbance at Denny’s Restaurant., Arbitrary Punishment / Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture
Everett Howard, 18years old, August 6, 2011, Death of college student from cardiac arrest after being shot in the chest with a Taser weapon by a University of Cincinnati police officer; Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Torture
Alonzo Ashley, 29 years old, October 21, 2011 Denver, Colo. Death from being beaten and Tasered, went into seizures and convulsions before he stopped breathing, Arbitrary Punishment /Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture
Kenneth Chamberlain, 68 years old, November 19, 2011, New York, disabled senior citizen and retired Marine Corps Veteran, Harassed and called racial epithets by police, Tasered and shot by police who busted into his home. His life alert alarm had gone off by mistake, the police did not believe him when he would not let them in, so they broke in Tasered and shot him; Arbitrary Punishment /Killing
Ramarley Graham- 18 years old, 2/2/2012 New York, NY gunned down in his home in front of his 6year old brother, mother, and grandmother; his mother and grandmother were also beaten and assaulted by the police for trying to protect themselves
Sgt. Manuel Loggins,31 years old, February 7, 2012, California Death from police gunfire after car accident, killed in front of his two children who were in the car outside the school they attended. His minor children were taken away by the police and interrogated for thirteen hours without their mother or legal representation present. Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/ Killing, Torture
Johnnie Kamahi Warren, February 13, 2012, Dothan, Alabama death from being shocked multiple times with Taser by a Sheriff’s Deputy for causing a disturbance at a restaurant, lost consciousness and did not respond to paramedic’s CPR attempts; Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing
Raymond Allen, 34 years old, 2012, Texas death at the hands of police stopped breathing after being beaten and Tasered, Arbitrary Punishment/ Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/ Killing, torture
Dante Price, 25 years old, March 1, 2012, Dayton, Ohio Death from three police bullet wounds after being shot at 17 times. Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing
Nehemiah Dillard, 29 years old, March 5, 2012, Florida Died at the hands of police after being beaten, Tasered, injected with medications, and going into cardiac arrest. Arbitrary Punishment/ Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/ Killing
Kendrec McDade, 19 years old, March 24. 2012 unarmed teen was shot dead after being racially profiled and chased on foot by police. Delay and denial of immediate emergency medical treatment Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/ Killing, Torture, Summary Execution
Wendell Allen, 20 years old, March 2012, Louisiana, Death from police gunfire narcotics raid, shot in home in front of small children, Arbitrary Punishment/ Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Summary Execution
Tamon Robinson, 29 years old, April 18, 2012, New York, NY. Died from injuries sustained after being hit and run over by a NYPD Police car; Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Torture
Ashley A. Overbey, 27 years old, April 30, 2012, Baltimore, MD. Survived after being beaten and Tasered by Police; Arbitrary Punishment, Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture
Alan Blueford- 18 years old, May 6, 2012, Oakland, California high school student shot three times while he was on his back after he tripped and fell during a police foot chase; Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Summary Execution
Darrin Rainey- 50 years old, June 23, 2012, Miami/Dade County Correctional Institution, mentally ill locked in shower stall with scalding water running on him for over an hour for defecating on floor; his skin had to be scrubbed from floor, Death…Torture, Arbitrary Punishment, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing
Derrick Williams- 22 years old July 2012, Milwaukee, WI. Death in police custody, handcuffed in back of squad car, Williams told cops he could not breathe and they ignored him, they delayed making call for medical help; Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Torture
Deaunta Terrell Farrow, 12 years old, July, 22, 2012, West Memphis Arkansas Death from police gunfire for carrying a toy gun in a state that allows the open carry of rifles, shotguns, and hand guns in rural White areas; Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Summary Execution
Chavis Carter, 21 years old, July 29, 2012 Jonesboro, Arkansas, Death while handcuffed in the back of a police car, single bullet wound in head to temple for outstanding warrant and marijuana possession. Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/ Killing, Summary Execution
Orlando Barlow, 20 years old, September 7, 2012 Las Vegas, Nevada, Death from police gunfire while surrendering to arresting officers in domestic custody case; Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/ Killing, Summary Execution
Timothy Russell, 43 years old, November 29, 2012, Cleveland, Ohio Death from being shot 23 times by police who also shot his female companion 24 times and fired a total of 137 bullets into the homeless couple’s car, thirteen police shot at these unarmed people. One police man stood on the hood of the car and fired over forty shots into it after the others had stopped shooting. Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Summary Execution
Kimani Gray, 16 years old March 9, 2013 New York, NY. Death from police gunfire, Arbitrary Detention/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Summary Execution
Marlon Brown- May 2013, Florida, Struck and killed by a police cruiser after being pursued by police for a seatbelt violation. Arbitrary Punishment/ Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/ Killing,
Deion Fludd, 17 years old, May 5, 2013, New York, NY. Death from beating at the hands of police, thrown in front of subway train, Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/ Killing, Torture
Tamir Rice, 12 years old, 2013, Cleveland, Ohio, Shot to death by police from a moving car for playing with a toy gun in a playground; Ohio is state that allows White people in rural areas to carry firearms in the open Arbitrary Punishment/Killing,
Tyrone West, 44 years old, July 18, 2013, Baltimore, MD, Pepper sprayed and beaten to death by police fists and batons during traffic stop, Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Torture
Larry Eugene Jackson, 32 years old, July 26, 2013, Texas Death from police gunshot to the back of his neck, Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing
Jonathan Ferrell, 24 years old, 2013 North Carolina, College student, football team member shocked with stun gun, Shot 10 times by police after a car accident while trying to get help, Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/ Killing, Summary Execution
Robert Cameron Redus- (Caucasian) December 2013 Texas College student, former high school valedictorian shot assaulted with a night stick, shot six times and killed by campus police for a traffic stop. Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra- Judicial Punishment/ Killing, Summary Execution
Keith Vidal- 18 years old, (Caucasian) January 2014, North Carolina Police were called by Keith’s parents to get help for their son who was having a schizophrenic episode. When officer arrived he said that he didn’t have time for this and proclaimed ‘ Taser Him” after which the officer used the stun gun, and another shot him. Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra- Judicial Punishment/ Killing, Torture, Summary Execution
Jordan Baker, 24 years old, January 16, 2014, Houston, Texas, Chased, assaulted and killed when he was mistaken for a robbery suspect; Arbitrary Punishment/ Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Summary Execution
McKenzie Cochran, 25 years old, January 28, 2014, Southfield Michigan, was killed during struggle with shopping mall security guards by chest compression asphyxia, They ignored his complaints that he could not breath. Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Torture
Victor White III, 22 years old, March 22, 2014, Louisiana, Shot by police while handcuffed, Coroner’s report said that the shot himself while handcuffed; Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing
Colin Truss, 32 years old, May 2014, Baltimore, MD was waiting for a bus and survived an attack after being beaten, punched and kicked in the face by police in an assault that was videotaped; Arbitrary Detention/Punishment, Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture
George Von King, 19 years old, May 22, 2014 Baltimore, Maryland, shocked with Taser five times prompting the onset of seizures, died days later in hospital; Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Torture
Eric Garner, 43 years old, July,17, 2014 New York, Assaulted by policeman and choked to death using an illegal chokehold for selling untaxed cigarettes; Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Torture
Charles Smith, 29 years old, 9/18/2014, Savannah, Georgia Police shot him in the head while handcuffed in the back of a police car, police planted gun under his body. Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/ Killing, Summary Execution
Israel Hernandez- Llach- 18 years old, 2014(Latino) Miami, Florida Police officers tortured him to death for being a graffiti artist using a stun gun; officers high fived each other and joked about it later in front of witnesses: “ You should have seen how his butt clenched when he got Tased” Arbitary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/ Killing, Torture, Summary Execution
John Crawford III, 22 years old, August 5, 2014, Beavercreek, Ohio Shot and killed by police while shopping and holding a toy bb gun that the was about to purchase, a second person Ms. Angela Williams died of a heart attack trying to get way from the shooting Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Summary Execution
Michael Brown, 18 years old, August 9, 2014, Ferguson, MO, shoplifting suspect fatally shot by policeman for Jay walking on a small residential street. Policeman fired twelve times with several bullets striking him in the arm and front; Arbitrary Punishment/Arbitrary Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment, Extra Judicial Killing, Summary Execution
Ezell Ford, 25 years old, August 11, 2014, Los Angeles, California, Killed by multiple gunshots from close range including in the back from LAPD who had harassed him in the past, Ford had a diminished mental capacity with the mind of a ten year old; Arbitrary Detention/Punishment/Killing,
Dante Parker, 36 years old, August 12, 2014, Victorville,California, father of five Beaten and shocked with Taser before death in custody; Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing
*Andy Lopez, 13 years old (Latino) , October 22, 2014, Santa Rosa, California, Shot to death for carrying a toy pellet gun that resembled an AK-47 assault rifle. California is an open firearms carry state in White rural areas. Arbitrary Punishment/ Killing, Extra- Judicial Punishment/Killing, Summary Execution
Charles Smith- 29 years old, September 2014, Savannah, Georgia, Shot in the head and back while handcuffed police planted a gun under his body. Arbitrary Punishment/ Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Summary Execution
Darrien Hunt, 22 years old, 2014, Saratoga Springs, Utah death from six police bullets with four bullets hitting him in the back, police attacked him for being in a shopping mall in a Samurai costume with a fake sword; Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment /Killing
Akai Gurley, 28 years old, November 20, 2014, Brooklyn, NY, Shot to death by rookie police officers in the stairwell of a public housing project as he stepped into the stairwell with his girlfriend, Police called union representatives before calling for medical help; Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Summary Execution; Torture
Rumain Brisbon, 30 years old December 9, 2014, Phoenix, Arizona shot by a police officer for holding pill bottle in hand. Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Summary Execution
Matthew Ajibade, 22 years old, January 1, 2015, Savannah, Georgia, Nigerian college student on medication for bi-polar disorder beaten and Tasered on Genitals, killed while strapped to a restraint chair. Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing,
Floyd Dent, 57 years old, January 28, 2015, Inkster, Michigan in police custody after a traffic stop that led to him being beaten in the head, shocked with a Taser, and strangled, beating videotaped: Arbitrary Detention/Punishment/, Extra Judicial Punishment/, Torture
Lavall Hall, 25 years old , February 15, 2015, mentally ill man shocked with a Taser, shot while running away from police who had been called to the house by his parents to help commit him to a mental institution; Arbitrary Punishment/Killing. Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Summary Execution
Walter Scott, 50 years old, April 4, 2015, South Carolina, killed by police gunfire after a traffic stop, policemen tried to falsify crime scene while being videotaped; Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Summary Execution
Freddie Gray- 25 years old May 1, 2015, Baltimore, MD Died in police custody as result of false arrest and “rough ride” in police van, police drove him around ignoring his pleas for help. Arbitrary Detention/Punishment/ Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing
Milton Hall, 49 years old, June 6, 2015, Saginaw, Michigan, death of homeless, mentally ill man who was a wood carver assaulted by police, tried to defend himself against a police dog with a small folding pocket knife, the police surrounded him and fired more than forty shots; Arbitrary Detention/ Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment /Killing, Summary Execution.
Samuel DuBose, 43 years old, 2015, Cincinnati, Ohio death from University of Cincinnati policeman’s gunfire, during a bogus traffic stop several miles from the university in the Black community; Policeman lied about incident with his partner saying the car dragged him; chest cameras refuted their stories. Arbitrary Detention/ Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/ Killing
Rexdale Henry- 53 years old (Choctaw, Native American) Neshoba County, Mississippi Choctaw Tribal Council Candidate found dead in jail cell after arrest for failure to pay for traffic ticket… death compared to Sandra Bland’s death in holding cell. Arbitrary punishment/ Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing
Jamychael Mitchell, 24 years old, August 16, 2015, Virginia, starvation death of mental patient in police custody for three months for stealing a candy bar, soda, and a sandwich. He lost 65lbs. before he died; Arbitrary Punishment, Extra Judicial Punishment, Torture
Michael Tyree, 31 years old, August 26, 2015, Santa Clara, CA, Mental patient died from injuries suffered while in police custody, blunt force trauma, bled to death internally. Officers did not seek immediate medical help or report their use of force to Medical Technicians; Arbitrary Punishment/Killing, Extra Judicial Punishment/Killing, Torture
Close encounters of the dangerous kind-
Arbitrary Detentions, Extra Judicial Punishments, and Killngs UnArmed men and Boys of african Descent: demographics, pre-existing health conditions, manner of injury, Causes of death, etc.
Age 18 and Under-
James Earl Green- 17 years old, 5/14/1970, Mississippi, shot during student protest
Paul Childs- 15 years old, 2003, Denver Colorado, mentally ill boy shot four times by police
James Brissette-17 years old, 2005, New Orleans, LA. Shot trying to evacuate during Hurricane Katrina
Marshawn Pitts- 15 years old, October 7, 2009 Dolton, Illinois survived police beating/assault
Raymarley Graham- 18 years old, 2012 New York, NY shot to death in front of family
Deion Fludd- 17 years old, 2013, New York, NY beaten, thrown on subway track by police
Kimani Gray 16 years old March 9, 2013, New York, NY.
Alan Blueford- 18 years old, Oakland, CA.
Victor Steen- 17 years old, Pensacola, Fla.
Deaunta Terrel Farrow- 12 years old, Arkansas, shot for carrying a toy gun
Tamir Rice- 12 years old, 2013, Ohio, shot for carrying a toy gun
Keith Vidal- 18 years old, (Caucasian), North Carolina, mentally ill boy Tasered and shot dead
Darrin Manning- Straight A high School student, Philadelphia, PA testicle ruptured by female police officer during body search…survived
Israel Hernandez-Llach- 18 years old, August, 2014 (Latino) Miami, Florida police tortured him to death with a stun gun
Von Derrit Meyers Jr. 18 years old 2014
Michael Brown 18 years old, 2014 Missouri
Mark Davidson – 18 years old, New York, NY.
Michelangelo Jackson 6 years old June 2015, Detroit, Michigan
Darius Andrews Jr. 3 years old June 2015, Detroit, Michigan
Mansur Ball-Bey- 18 years old, 8/21/2015, St. Louis, MO.
William Chapman- 18 years old,2015, Portsmouth, VA.
Marcus Abrams 17 years old, 2015, Minnesota
Dymond Wilburn- 12 years old (survived)
Killed While Carrying Toy Gun in Open Weapons Carry State
Tamir Rice- 12 years old, Cleveland, Ohio…
Deaunta Terrell Farrow- 13years old, Arkansas
John Crawford III- 22 years old, Ohio
*Andy Lopez -13 years old, (Latino), 10/22/2013 California
Prior Physical or Mental Condition-
Lorenzo Collins- 25 years old, 1997, Cincinnati, OH. Mental Patient; Death
Paul Childs- 15 years old, 2003 Mental Condition; Death
Nathaniel Jones- 41 years old, 11/30/2003, Cincinnati Ohio, morbid obesity, fainting spells
Ronald Madison- 40 years old, 9/4/ 2005, New Orleans , LA. Mental Condition; Death
Marshawn Pitts-15 years old, 10/7/2009, Dolton, Illinois, school for children with special needs Survived
Steven Eugene Washington- 3/20/2010, Autistic; Death
Kelly Thomas- 2011, Fullerton, CA homeless man with Psychiatric disability
Darrin Rainey-50 years old, Miami Fla., June 23, 2012, Mental Condition; Death
Nehemiah Dillard-29 years old,3/5/2012, New Orleans, LA. Mental Patient; Death
Kenneth Chamberlain- 68 years old, November, 2012 New York, NY Heart Condition; Death
Sharesse Francis- 29 years old, 3/15/2012, New York, NY Asthma, Obesity; Death
Tyrone West-44 years old, 7/18/2013, Heart condition
Keith Vidal- 18 years old, (Caucasian) January 2014, North Carolina, schizophrenic…Tasered/ shot to death
Angela Williams-37 years old, August 5, 2014, Beavercreek Ohio, Cardiovascular disease, ventricular dysrhythmia, hypertension Death
Ezell Ford-25 years old, 8/11/2014, Los Angeles, CA. Depression, Schizophrenia, Bi-polar, diminished mental capacity; Death
Tanisha Anderson- 37 years old, 11/13/2014 Bi-polar, Heart Condition; Death
Lavall Hall- 25 years old, 2/14/2015, Miami Gardens, Florida, Schizophrenia; Death
Carmelo Winans-29 years old, Philadelphia, PA Mentally ill/ Suicidal; Death
Ronnie Holloway 49 years old, Schizophrenia; Death
Freddie Gray- 25 years old, Baltimore, MD respiratory condition used an inhaler
Jaymichael Mitchell- 24 years old, August 16, 2015 Mental disability…death from starvation
Michael Tyree- 31 years old, August 26, 2015 Mental patient…Death
Delois Young- 1982, Los Angeles, CA. Her eight month old fetus died after Delois was shot by police in a phony drug raid; survived.
Sofia Salva- Sudanese Immigrant, 10/17/2008, Kansas City, MO. detained by police on the way to hospital during an emergency situation involving her pregnancy and bleeding. She was refused medical attention and the baby miscarried living for only one minute while Sofia survived.
Starr Brown- 2009, Baltimore, MD Pregnant woman assaulted by police and slammed; survived
Patrick dorismond-26 years old, 2000…Death
alberta spruill- 57 years old, 5/20/2003…Death
Ousmane Zongo-43 years old, 5/22/2003,New York, NY 5/22/2003…Death
Tarika Wilson- 26 years old, 2008, Lima, ohio …Death
shem Walker- 49 years old, 7/11/2009…Death
Aiyana stanley Jones- 7 years old, 5/16/2010, Detroit, michigan…Death
Carlos Alcis-43 years old, New york, NY. Death
Akai gurley-28 Years old, November 20, 2014 Brooklyn, NY, Death
Death / Injury from Police officers with prior records of misconduct
John Daniels 36 years old 7/1/1992 Los Angeles, CA.
Gino Thompson- 1994, Philadelphia PA
Orlando Barlow 28 years old, 2/28/2003 Las Vegas, Nevada
Henry Glover-31 years old, 9/2/2005, New Orleans, LA.
Jessie Lee Williams- Harrison County ,Mississippi father of six, handcuffed, beaten, kicked, water torture, hog-tied, hood placed over head and filled with pepper spray…Death
Gary King- 20 years old, 2007, Oakland, CA mistaken for a suspect, beaten, Tasered, shot in the back while running away
Derrick Williams- 22 years old, July 2011, Milwaukee, WI
Darnisha Harris- Age 16, 2/2/2002, Louisana
Dante Price 25 years old 3/1/2012 Dayton, Ohio
Timothy Russell-43 years old, 11/29/2012, Cleveland, OH.
Malissa Williams Age 30, 11/29/2012, Cleveland, OH
Kimani Gray- 16 years old, 3/9/2013 New York, NY
Tanisha Anderson- 37 years old, 2013, Cleveland, Ohio
Tamir Rice- 12 years old, Cleveland, Ohio
William Chapman- 18 years old, 4/22/2015, Portsmouth, VA
Shantell Davis- 23 years old, 6/14/2015
Sandra Bland- 28 years old, 7/2015, Texas
Immigrants of African Descent-
Amadou Diallo, 22 years old 2/5/1997 Guinea …Death
Abner Louima, 30 years old, August 1997 Haiti… Tortured, Survived
Ousmane Zongo, 43 years old, May 22, 2003 Burkina Faso…Death
Sofia Salva, pregnant, February5, 2009 Kansa City, MO, Sudanese immigrant survived suffered miscarriage
Patrick Dorismond, 26 years old, July 27, 2009, New York, NY Haitian immigrant, Death
Matthew Ajibade- 22 years old, January 1, 2015, Savannah Georgia, Nigerian college student on medication for Bi- polar Disorder beaten and Tasered on genitals while strapped to a restraint chair…Death
Michael Carpenter- 19 years old, 1999, Cincinnati, Ohio…Death
Charles Beatty- 66 years old, 2000, Los Angeles,
Timothy Thomas- 19 years old, 4/7/2001, Cincinnati, OH… Death
Sofia Salva- Kansas City, MO Pregnant woman detained during medical emergency survived / miscarriage
Bernard Bailey- 58 years old, May 2011, Eutawville, South Carolina, shot twice in chest for arguing over his daughter’s traffic ticket
Chavis Carter- 21 years old, July 29, 2012, Jonesboro, Arkansas 7/29/2012…Death
Timothy Russell- 43 years old, 11/29/2012, Cleveland, Ohio… shot 23 times…Death
Malissa Williams- 30 years old, 11/29/2012, Cleveland, Ohio…Death
Robert Cameron Redus- (Caucasian) December 2013, North Carolina…shot six times… Death
Floyd Dent- 57 years old, 1/28/2015, Inkster, Michigan…Survived
Sandra Bland- 28 years old, 7/13/2015, Texas, Alleged suicidal death
Coby Chavis-Father of Donovan Jackson July 11, 2002, was beaten for trying to protect his son from police brutality
Donovan Jackson-16 years old, July 11, 2002 survived beating and being choked with a chain
D.J. Henry -20 years old, 2010, Mt. Pleasant, NY…Death
Marlon Brown- May, 2013 Florida struck and killed by police car in pursuit involving a seat belt violation
Tyrone West-44 years old, July 18, 2013, Baltimore MD Beaten, Pepper Spray, Death
Samuel DuBose- 43 years old, 7/29/2015, Cincinnati, OH…Death; shot and killed off-campus by University of Cincinnati Police officer for a missing license plate
False Evidence Plants and Crime Scene Tampering
Alberta Spruill- 57 years old, 5/20/2003, New York, NY, SWAT team police lied about home being an arsenal of guns, drugs and attack dogs
Kathryn Johnson-92 years old, November 2006, Atlanta, Georgia police planted cocaine and marijuana in her home
Henry Glover- 31 years old, 9/2/2005, New Orleans, LA, Shot; his body was burned by police to destroy
Jessie Lee Williams- 2/6/2006, Harrison County, Mississippi, police men and women lied to cover up for each other and denied Williams his civil rights in the torture/beating death
Jerriel Lyles- 1/8/2009, strip search, digital rectal intrusion, severe eye damage; police told jury that he must have poked himself in the eye
Aiyana Stanley-Jones- 7 years old, 5/16/2010, Detroit, Michigan, police had wrong address and tried to blame Aiyana’s Grandmother for being cause of the shooting death
Ramarley Graham- 18 years old, 2/2/2012, New York, NY shot in front of family
Charles Smith- 29 years old, September 2014, shot in head and back while handcuffed, police put gun under his body
Floyd Dent- 57 years old, 1/28/2015, Inkster, Michigan survived assault, chokehold, Taser, beating
Walter Scott- 50 years old, 4/4/2015 , South Carolina, police planted weapon by his body
Samuel DuBose- 43 years old, 7/29/2015 , University of Cincinnati, OH. Police lied about being dragged by car
Cruel, Unusual, Inhuman, Degrading Treatment and Arbitrary Punishment of Unarmed People of African Descent
Rough Rides in Police Vehicle/ Torture, Arbitrary Punishments, Killings
Gino Thompson- 40 years old, 4/16/1994, Philadelphia, PA, survived with severe spinal injury
Calvin Sanders-21 years old 1997, Philadelphia, PA pistol whipped by police, survived rough ride with paralysis, rendered quadriplegic
Dondi Johnson Sr.-43 years old, December, 2005 Baltimore MD police handcuffed, beat, kicked, and subjected him to rough ride without seat belt, spine dislocated and fractured, died two weeks later
*James McKenna (White), 2011, Philadelphia, PA., broken neck, survived
Freddie Gray, 25 years old, 5/1/2015, Baltimore, MD…severe spinal cord injuries, coma, Death
Torture with Pepper Spray, MACE, Chemical Agents, Medical Injections/ Torture, Arbitrary Punishments, Extra Judicial Punishment Killings
Jessie Lee Williams 2/6/2006, Father of Six, Harrison County Mississippi, handcuffed, kicked, beaten, water torture, shocked repeatedly with Taser, hood placed over his head and filled with pepper spray
Nehemiah Dillard- 29 years old, Mental patient 3/5/2012 injected with meds, beaten, tasered…Death
Roger Owensby- 29 years old beaten, Cinti. OH. Sprayed with chemical agent, Death by suffocation
Al Hixon PhD.45 years old Minnesota, Pepper Sprayed into nostrils with police boot on his neck; survived
Tyrone West- 44 years old, 7/18/2013, Beaten, Pepper sprayed, Death
Kamilah Brock-32 years old, September 2015, New York NY she survived false arrest and detention in a mental facility where she was drugged stripped of her underwear and interrogated under medication for three days because police did not believe that a Black woman could legally own a BMW
Death While Handcuffed or punished while Being Handcuffed/ Arbitrary Punishments, Extra Judicial Punishment, Killing
Dondi Johnson Sr. – 43 years old, 12/7/2005, Baltimore, MD beaten while handcuffed, rough ride, death
Jessie Lee Williams- 2/4/2006 father of six, Harrison County, Mississippi handcuffed hands behind him to feet, hogtied,, kicked, beaten, Tasered, water torture, hood placed over head and pepper sprayed
Gary King- 20 years old, 2007, Oakland, CA shot in the back, handcuffed after being shot…Death
Oscar Grant—22 years old, 2009, Oakland, CA. shot in the back while being handcuffed…
Roger Owensby Jr.- 29 years old, sprayed with chemical handcuffed, death in squad car
Marvin Booker- 2010, Denver, Colorado, assaulted, Tasered, handcuffed, police dog piled on top of him, placed him in sleeper hold; Death
Alesia Thomas- Age 35, 2012 California, kicked, beaten, while bound hand and foot; death in police car
Derrick Williams- 22 years old, 7/2012, Milwaukee, WI handcuffed, death in squad car
Chavis Carter- 21 years old, 7/29/2012 died handcuffed in police car
Dante Parker- 36 years old, 8/12/2014, Victorville, CA Tasered , handcuffed death in police custody
Charles Smith- 29 years old, September 2014, Savannah, Georgia, shot in head and back handcuffed
Victor White III- Age 22 years, 2014, Louisiana, shot while handcuffed…death
Ezell Ford- 25 years old, 8/11/2014, Los Angeles, CA.
Freddie Gray- 25 years old, 5/1/2015, Baltimore, MD rough ride in police van…Death
Kiyam Livingston-37 years old, New York, NY.
Matthew Ajibade- 22 years old, 10/2015 Tasered on genitals, beaten while strapped to restraint chair…Death
Delay or Denial of Medical Attention/ Torture, Arbitrary Punishment, Extra Judicial Punishment, Killings
Wadie Suttles- 66 years old Chattanooga, TN. 1983…Death
Adolph Archie- 40 years old, 3/22/1990 New Orleans, LA, Shot, beaten, stomped by mob of New Orleans Police spent 13 hours in custody without medical attention …Death
Abner Louima- 30 years old, August, 1997 beaten, sodomized with broken broom handle put in holding cell with bleeding rectum without getting immediate medical attention, New York, NY…Survived
Albert Mosely-52 years old, Baltimore, MD, 6/25/2003… survived beating, slamming; rendered quadriplegic after his arrest for a probation violation
Nathaniel Jones-41 years old, 11/3/2003, Cincinnati, Ohio, denied medical attention after being beaten by Aluminum nightsticks… Death
Deandre Brunson- 24 years old, 8/24/2003, Los Angeles, CA shot 23 times by LAPD, a police dog was shot by the police by accident. The dog was given immediate medical attention and taken away on an emergency medical helicopter while Brunson bled to death and received no medical attention.
Raymond Robair- 48 years old, 8/1/2005, New Orleans, LA Beaten by police who fractured his ribs, lacerated his liver, and punctured his spleen; taken to hospital by police who did not inform medical staff that they had just beat him into an unconscious state… Death
Henry Glover- 31 years old, New Orleans, LA. 2005 … Shot and Killed by NOLA police in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina… possibly alive when he was placed in a car that was set afire by police… Death
Dondi Johnson Sr.- December 2005, Baltimore MD beaten, kicked, given rough ride, spine fractured and dislocated, medical treatment delayed…Death
Jessie Lee Williams- 2/6/2006, Harrison County, MS…delay of medical treatment for brain injuries from beating…Death
Gary King-20 years old, 2007, Oakland CA…Death beaten, tasered, shot in the back.. Death
Sofia Salva- Pregnant, 2/5/2009, Kansas City MO. 2009… survived, fetus died
Derrick Williams-22 years old, 7/2011 Milwaukee, WI, died while handcuffed in back of police car, complained that he could not breathe and was ignored by police
Kendrec McDade- 19 years old, March 2012, Pasadena, CA , denied /delayed emergency treatment after being shot
Sharesse Francis-29 years old, March 15, 2012, New York, NY, mental patient chest compression death from police “dog piling” on top of her
Tanisha Anderson- 37 years old, 11/13/2014, Cleveland, Ohio, mental patient beaten, chest compression death
Akai Gurley- 28 years old, 11/20/2014 Brooklyn, NY police rookie officers shot him by mistake and called police union representatives before calling for medical assistance…Death
Freddie Gray- 25 years old, 5/1/2015, Baltimore, MD False arrest and rough ride in the back of a police van; police ignored his pleas for inhaler and help … Death
Killed During Surrender/ Arbitrary Punishment, Extra Judicial Punishment, Summary Executions
Orlando Barlow- 28 years old, 2/28/2003, Las Vegas, Nevada
*Reynaldo Cuevas- 20 years old (Latino), 9/7/2012, New York, shot trying to flee a hostage situation
Kajieme Powell- 25 years old, St. Louis, MO. shot while arms were raised
Yvette Smith- 47 years old, 2/16/2014, Bastrop, Texas shot twice while obeying a police order to come out of the house
Michael Brown-18 years old, 2014, Ferguson, MO. Shot while hands were raised
Charles Smith- 29 years old, September 2014, Savannah, Georgia, shot in head and back while handcuffed
*Robert Earl Warren- (Caucasian) 1/2/2015 Dothan, Alabama, killed for not showing proper ID after returning a stray cat to an animal shelter
Sharon Mosley-25 years old, 8/2015, Georgia,
Chest Compression, Choking, Strangulation, Suffocation/ Torture, Arbitrary Punishment, Extra Judicial Punishments, Killings
Maurice White- 5/24/2010, EMT driver survived being placed in chokehold; Torture
Robert Ramirez- (Latino) 46 years old, 2012Oxnard, CA. was beaten and died of chest compression from four minute police dog pile on top of him …Death
Eric Garner- 43 years old, 7/17/2014, New York, NY. Death from police chokehold for selling untaxed cigarettes
McKenzie Cochrane- 25 years old, 2014, South Field, Michigan
Genital / Sexual Assault, Torture
Abner Louima – 30 years old, 1997, New York, NY. Survived being beaten by policemen and sodomized with broom handle
Jerriel Lyles 1/8/ 2009, Baltimore MD. Strip searched, beaten, fingers poked into rectum, eye damage, survived
Mark Davidson-18 years old, April 1985, New York, NY beaten, male officers stunned him with stun gun 43 times on back, stomach, and buttocks; threats to shock his genitals forced a confession for selling $10.00 of Marijuana, survived
Alesia Thomas- 25 years old, 7/22/2012 California, kicked in groin seven times by female police officer, beaten while handcuffed with feet bound together…Death
Darrin Manning- Straight A high school student, athlete, Philadelphia, PA Underwent surgery because a female police officer ruptured his testicle during a search after she stopped him and teammates following a basketball game. During the rough search he heard a pop. Doctors said that the rupture may have caused fertility issues for the boy in the future…Survived
Israel Hernandez-Llach- 18 years old, (Latino) August 2014, Miami Police used a stun gun to kill him for being a graffiti artist and high fived each other after the teen’s death. They joked about it saying “ You should have seen how funny it was when his butt clenched when he got Tased”… Death
Matthew Ajibade- 22 years old, 1/1/2015, Savannah, Georgia College student from Nigeria with bi-polar disorder, Strapped to a restraint chair, beaten and shocked repeatedly on genitals with Taser weapon…Death
Taser/Electro – Shock/ Stun Gun, Torture, Arbitrary Punishments, Killings
Jessie Lee Williams- Father of six, 2/4/2006 Harrison County, Mississippi handcuffed, beaten, kicked, Taser shocks multiple times, hogtied, water torture, hood placed over his head and pepper sprayed
Gary King- 2007, Oakland, CA. beaten, Tasered, shot in the back… Death
Kenneth Chamberlain- 68 years old, 2011, New York, N.Y. assaulted, Tasered, shot with hand guns
Kelly Thomas- 37 years old, 7/5/2011, Fullerton, CA shocked with Tasers beaten to death with flashlights
Alonzo Ashley, 29 years old, 10/2/2011, Colorado, Beaten, shocked with Tasers, convulsions, Death
Everette Howard- 18 years old, 2011, Cincinnati, OH college student shocked in chest on heart, cardiac arrest
Ashley Overbey-27 years old, 4/30/2012, Baltimore, MD, survived beating and being shocked with Taser
Johnny Kamahi Warren-43 years old, Alabama, 2/13/2012
Raymond Allen, 34 years old, 2/27/2012, Texas, hogtied, beaten, Tasered…Death
Sharesse Francis, Age 29, 3/15/2012, New York, NY. Mental patient beaten, Tasered, chest compression asphyxia, death
Jonathan Ferrell- 24 years old, September,2013 Charlotte North Carolina, stun gun used on him before he was shot ten times…Death
Rekia Boyd- 22 years old, March 2014 Chicago Illinois, Tasered, shot to the back of head
Dante Parker, 36 years old 8/12/2014, Victorville, California, death from repeated Taser Shocks
Israel Hernandez-Llach- 18 years old, (Latino) August, 2014 Miami police used a stun gun to kill him for being a graffiti artist and high fived each after the teen’s death they joked about it saying: “You should have seen how funny it was when his butt clenched when he got Tased”
Lavall Hall- 25 years old, 2 /15.2015, Miami Gardens, Florida Police, Tasered and shot him dead
Mathew Ajibade- 22 years old, 2015, Harrison County, Mississippi Tasered on genitals, strapped to restraint chair, beaten, Death
Death /Injury in Police Car or Holding Cell/ Custody
Wadie Suttles- 66 years old, 1983, Chattanooga, TN. Died in jail cell after beating
Robert Robair- 48 years old, 2003, New Orleans, LA
Jessie Lee Williams 2/6/2006, Harrison County, Mississippi severe brain trauma from being beaten to death in jail cell by Police
Roger Owensby Jr.- 29 years old, 11/7/2009 death in police car
Derrick Williams- 22 years old, 7/2011, Milwaukee WI, Death in police custody
Charles Smith- 29 years old, September 2014, shot in head and back while handcuffed in custody
Sandra Bland 28 years old, 7/12/2015, Texas, death in holding cell
Kiyam Livingston- 37 years old, New York, NY. Death in holding cell
Matthew Ajibade- 10/2015, Nigerian college student Tasered on genitals, beaten, while strapped to restraint chair
Age 50 and Over-
Wadie Suttles- 66 years old, 1983, Chattanooga, TN beaten to death, died in jail cell
Eleanor Bumpers- 66 years old, New York NY 1985 death from two shotgun blasts to her chest
Charles Beatty 66 years old, June 2000, survived/disabled with bullet lodged in back, shot four times
Alberta Spruill- 57 years old, 5/20/ 2003, death from heart attack after home hit by shock grenade
Marvin Booker- 56 years old, 7/9/2010, Denver, Colorado Homeless street preacher beaten to death Kenneth Chamberlain- 68 years old, 11/19/2011, New York, NY Tasered, shot with firearm, Death
Darrin Rainey- 50 years old, June 23, 2012, Miami- Dade Florida beaten and scalded to death
Kathryn Johnson- 92 years old, November 2006, shot six times, handcuffed while she was dying
Floyd Dent-57 years old, 1/28/2015, Inkster, Michigan, beaten, strangled, Tasered , survived
Bernard Bailey- 58 years old, 2015 Eutawville, South Carolina former police chief shot him three times,
Beating/ Torture, Unarmed People of African Descent
Wadie Suttles- 66 years old, Chattanooga TN. 1983… Crushed brain stem, Death in jail cell,
Michael Stewart- 19 years old, New York, NY. 1983…Death
Abner Louima- 30 years old, New York, NY. 1997… Sodomized with broken broom handle, Survived
Starr Brown – Pregnant , 2009…woman survived being hit and slammed
Roger Owensby Jr. 29 years old, Cincinnati, OH…Sprayed with chemical agent, Death in police car
Alonzo Ashley- 29 years old, Colorado, 2011…Death
Kelly Thomas- 2011, Fullerton, CA beaten to comatose state before death
Alesia Thomas- Age 35, California…2012
Sharesse Francis- 29 years old, New York, NY…3/15/2012 Taser, Chest Compression, Death
Tamon Robinson 29 years old New York, NY. April 18, 2012…Death
Darrin Rainey 50 years old, Miami, Florida, June 23, 2012…Beaten and calded to death in hot water
Marvin Booker-56 years old, July, 2012, Denver, Colorado homeless street preacher beaten to death
Raymond Allen- 34 years old, Texas 2012…Hogtied, Taser…Death
Deion Fludd- 17 years old, New York, NY. 2013…Death
Tyrone West- 44 years old, 7/18/2013, Baltimore MD beaten, pepper sprayed…Death
McKenzie Cochrane- 25 years old, Southfield, Michigan…Chest Compression, Death
Floyd Dent- 57years old, Michigan, 1/28/2015…Survived
Sandra Bland, 28 years old, Texas 2015…Death by alleged suicide
Michael Tyree, 31 years old, California 2015…Death
Scalding/ Torture, Arbitrary Punishment, Extra Judicial Punishment, Killing
Darrin Rainey- 50 years old, June 23, 2012, Florida, Beaten and Scalded to death in shower converted to hot water torture chamber
Multiple Gunshots/ Arbitrary Killings, Extra- Judicial Killings, Summary Executions, Unarmed People of African Descent
Amadou Diallo-22 years old, 2/2/1999, New York Police shot Liberian Immigrant from Guinea 19 times/ police fired 41 shots…Death
Michael Carpenter- 30 years old, 3/19/1999, Cincinnati Police shot him 9 times…Death
Ousmane Zongo-43 years old, 5/22/2003, New York Police shot him 5 times…Death
Sean Bell- 23 years old, 11/25/2006, Queens, New York Police shot him four times in neck and torso/ 50 shots fired
Reora Askew- 2007, Philadelphia, PA shot her five times, twice in the back…Death
Derrick Jones- 37 years old, 11/8/2010, Oakland Police shot Barbershop Owner six times in the back
Malissa Williams- 30 years old, 11/29/2012, shot by Cleveland Police 24 times, 137 shots fired
Timothy Russell – 43 years old, 11/29/2012, shot by Cleveland Police 23 times, 137 shots fired
Rekia Boyd- 22 years old, 3/22/2012, Chicago police shot her twice in the back of head
Alan Blueford-18 years old, 2012, Oakland Police shot him three times…Death
Jonathan Ferrel- 24 years old, 2013, North Carolina Police shot him ten times
Miriam Carey- 34 years old, 10/3/2013, Washington, DC Police shot her 5 times…Death
Robert Cameron Redus- (Caucasian) December 2013, Texas, college student shot six times
Yvette Smith- 47years old, 2/16/2014, Texas Police shot her twice…Death
Charles Smith-29 years old, Savannah, Georgia, shot twice, in head and back…Death
Paul Childs- 15 years old, Denver, Colorado Police shot disabled teenager four times…Death
Sharon Mosely- 25 years old, 8/2015, Jefferson County, Georgia Police shot her three times
Charles Beatty- 66 years old, 2000 LAPD shot in him the back 4 times and he survived with disability
John Crawford III, 22years old, 8/5/2014, Beaver Creek, Ohio police shot him twice in the chest
Michael Brown- 18 years old, 8/9/2014, Ferguson , MO Police fired 12 shots and hit him four times
Darrien Hunt- 22 years old, 9/20/2014 Saratoga Springs, Utah…Death shot in the back four times; Death
Milton Hall- 49 years old, 6/6/2015, Saginaw, Michigan Police fired 40 total shots
Walter Scott- 50 years old, 4/4/2015, South Carolina police officer shot him 8 times
Christian Taylor-19years old, 8/12/2015, North Carolina Police shot him four times
Bernard Bailey- 58 years old, Eutawville, 2015 South Carolina Police shot him three times
Dante Price- 25 years old, 3/1/2012, Dayton, Ohio shot three times with 17 total shots
Summary Executions/ Gunshots to Temple, Back of Head, Neck
Steven Eugene Washington- 27 years old, 2010 , shot to back of head
Reginald Doucet- 25 years old, 1/14/2011, Los Angeles, CA death from shots to neck and torso
Chavis Carter- 21 years old, 7/29/2012, single bullet in temple
Rekia Boyd-22 years old, 3/22/2012, Chicago, Illinois
Shelly Frey- age 27, 12/6/2012, Houston, Texas
Larry Eugene Johnson- 32 years old,7/26/2013, Austin, Texas back of neck
Charles Smith- 29 years old, Savannah, Georgia, handcuffed, shot in head and back, death
William Chapman- 18 years old, 9/3/2015, Portsmouth, VA shot in face
Vehicular Homicide/ Assault , Torture, Arbitrary Punishments, Extra Judicial Punishments Killings
Tamon Robinson- 29 years old, 4/18/2012 , New York, NY. Hit and run over by NYPD police car
Deion Fludd- 17 years old, 5/5/2013 New York, NY. Beaten and thrown onto subway train tracks
Victor Steen- 17 years old, Pensacola, Florida, Tasered, hit and killed by police car
Michelangelo Jackson- -6 years old, June 2015, Detroit, Michigan, he and younger sister were both hit, dragged, killed by a car that police had bumped while they were chasing at high speeds on a small residential street for a probation violation, Arbitrary Punishment/Killing
Makiah Jackson-3 years old, June 2015, Detroit, Michigan, she and her older brother were both hit, dragged, and killed by car that was being chased and bumped by police car at high speeds on a small residential street for a parole violation, the car went out of control as a result of the police bump during the chase, Arbitrary Punishment/ Killing
Darius Andrews-3 years old, June 2015, Detroit, MI survived being critically injured with two other children and an adult after being hit by an out of control car that was chased at high speeds after being bumped by police, Arbitrary Punishment
Isaiah Williams- 5 years old, June 2015, Detroit, MI survived being critically injured with two other children and an adult after being hit by an out of control car that was being chased by police for a parole violation Arbitrary Punishment
Lakendra Hill- 22 years old, June 2015, Detroit, MI Survived being critically injured with three small children after being hit by an out of control car that was being chased and bumped by police at high speeds on a small residential street for a parole violation
Children 18 and under: Cases and Relevant Law
Roper v. Simmons 2005 543 U.S. 551,560 The Supreme Court declared that juvenile execution is unconstitutional and prohibited death sentences for persons under the age of eighteen; “guarantees the right not to be subjected to excessive sanctions” right flows from the basic precept of justice that punishment for crime should be graduated and proportioned to both the offender and the offense.
Graham v. Florida 2010 560 U.S. The Supreme Court ruled that sentencing juvenile offenders to life without the possibility of parole is unconstitutional; likened life without parole for juveniles to the death penalty; sentencing authorities are required to consider the characteristics of a defendant and the details of his offense before sentencing him to death. See also Woodson v. North Carolina, 428 U.S. 280 (plurality decision)
Miller v. Alabama 2012 The Supreme Court ruled that laws requiring youths convicted of murder to be sentenced to die in prison violate the Eighth Amendment’s ban on Cruel and Unusual Punishment; those laws ran afoul of case’s requirements of individualized sentencing for defendants facing the most serious penalties
4th Amendment- The Right of the People to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons of things to be seized.
5th Amendment – No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger, nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.
6th Amendment- In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district has been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense.
8th Amendment- Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
14th Amendment- Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of the citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
Human Rights- U.N. Charter/Charter of the United Nations Done at San Francisco, June 26, 1945 (See Preamble)
Article 55- With a view to the conditions of stability and well-being which are necessary for peaceful and friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples’ the United Nations shall promote:
- Higher standards of living, full employment, and conditions of economic and social progress an development;
- Solutions of international economic, social, health, and related problems; and international cultural and educational cooperation; and
- Universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion
Article 56- All members pledge themselves to take joint and separate action in cooperation with the Organization for the achievement of the purposes set forth in Article 55.
Human Rights- Universal Declaration of Human Rights, (UDHR) 1948
Adopted by the General Assembly on December 10, 1948 (Resolution 217 III)
UDHR Article 1. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
UDHR Article 2. Everyone is entitled to all rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth, or other status…
UDHR Article 3. Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
UDHR Article 4. No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
UDHR Article 5. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment of punishment.
UDHR Article 6. Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
UDHR Article 7. All are equal before the law and are entitled to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.
UDHR Article 8. Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.
UDHR Article 9. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
UDHR Article 10. Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him
UDHR Article 11. 1. Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence. 2. No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed…
Human Rights-Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide Adopted by Resolution 260 (III) A of the United Nations General Assembly on 9 December 1948:
Article 1- The Contracting Parties confirm that genocide, whether committed in a time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international law which they undertake to prevent and to punish.
Article 2 – In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial, or religious group as such:
(a) Killing members of the group
(b) Causing serious bodily harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
Article 3- The following acts shall be punishable:
(b) Conspiracy to commit genocide;
(c) Direct and public incitement to commit genocide;
(d) Attempt to commit genocide;
(e) Complicity in genocide
Article 4- Persons committing genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in Article 3 shall be punished, whether they are constitutionally responsible rulers, public officials or private individuals.
Article 5- The Contracting Parties undertake to enact, in accordance with their respective Constitutions, the necessary legislation to give effect to the provisions of the present Convention and, in particular to provide effective penalties for persons guilty of genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in Article 3.
Article 6- Persons charged with genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in Article 3 shall be tried by a competent tribunal of the State in the territory of which the act was committed, or by such international penal tribunal with respect to those contracting Parties which shall have accepted its jurisdiction.
International law and U.S Law- Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide Open for signature December 9, 1948, 78 U.N.T.S. 277, entered into force January 12, 1951 Senate advice and consent: 132 Cong. Rec. S1377, Feb 19, 1986 deposited with the UN: November 25, 1988 entered into force for the United States Feb 23, 1989 Implementing legislation:
Section 1. “Genocide Convention Implementation Act of 1988”
Section 2. TITLE 18 AMENDMENTS.
(a) IN GENERAL. Title 18 , United States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 50 the following:
“(a) BASIC OFFENSE- Whoever, whether in time of peace or war, in a circumstance described in subsection (d) of this section and with the specific intent to destroy, in whole or in substantial part, a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group as such—
“(1) kills a member of that group;
“(2) causes serious bodily injury to a member of that group;
“(3) causes the permanent impairment of the mental faculties of a member of
group through drugs, torture, or similar techniques;
“(4) subjects the group to conditions of life that are intended to cause physical
destruction of the group in whole or in part;
“(5) imposes measures intended to prevent births within the group; or attempts to do so, shall be punished as provided in subsection (b) of this section.
“(b) PUNISHMENT FOR BASIC OFFENSE- The punishment for an offense under subsection (a) (1), a fine of not more than $1,000,000 and imprisonment for life; and
(2) a fine of not more than $100,000 or imprisonment for not more than 20 years, or both, in any other case.
“(c) INCITEMENT OFFENSE- Whoever in a circumstance described under subsection (d) of this section directly and publicly incites another to violate subsection (a) of this section shall be fined not more than $500,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both
“(d) REQUIRED CIRCUMSTANCES FOR OFFENSES- The circumstance referred to in subsections(a) and (c) is that –
(1) The offense is committed within the United States; or
(2) The alleged offender is a national of the United States (as defined in section 101 of the immigration and nationality act (8 U.S.C. 1101.
International Law and U.S. Law- Executive Order # 13107 In Federal Register 12/15/98 Implementation of Human Rights Treaties in domestic laws: William J. Clinton the White House December 10, 1998
“By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and laws of the United States of America, and bearing in mind the obligations of the United States pursuant to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT), the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD), and other relevant treaties concerned with the protection and promotion of human right to which the United States is now or may become party to in the future, it shall be ordered as follows:
Section 1 Implementation of Human Rights Obligations
(a) It shall be the policy and practice of the Government of the United States, being committed to the protection and promotion of human rights and fundamental freedoms, fully to respect and implement its obligations under the international human rights treaties to which it is a party, including the ICCPR, the CAT, and the CERD.
(b) It shall also be the policy and practice of the Government of the United States to promote respect for international human rights, both in our relationships with all other countries and by working with and strengthening the various international mechanisms for the promotion of human rights, including inter alia, those of the United Nations, the International Labor Organization, and the Organization of America States.”
Section 2 Covers responsibility of executive departments and agencies and maintenance of current awareness of U.S. treaty obligations relevant to their functions and fully implement obligations
Section 3 Covers human rights violation inquiries and complaints and requests for information and agency responsibility
Section 4 Establishes an interagency working group on Human rights treaties; reporting functions and responsibilities; report preparation process; Education of agency personnel of human rights obligations; promotion of effective remedies and recommendations.
(*The term ‘Treaty Obligations’ refers to treaty obligations as approved by the Senate pursuant to Article II, section 2, clause 2 of the United States Constitution)
Human Rights- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Opened for signature March 7, 1966, 660 U.N.T.S. 195, entered into force January 4, 1969
Senate advice and consent: 140 Cong. Rec. S7634 (June 24, 1994) deposited with the U.N.: October 21, 1994 entered into force for U.S: November 20. 1994
ICCPR CERD CAT CRC
United Nations Optional Protocol on Children in War Zones/Six Grave Violations
“Human Rights and the International Community; The roots and growth of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948-1963” By Egon Schwelb 1964 Anti-Defamation League, Quadrangle Books, Chicago, Illinois
“Report of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders” 1968 by US Riot Commission, Bantam Books New York
Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners Adopted by the First United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, held at Geneva in 1955, and approved by the Economic and Social Council by its resolutions 663 c (XXIV) of 31 July 1957 and 2076(LXII) of 13 May 1977
“The Management of Police Killings” Crime and Social Justice 8 (1977) Reprint by
Sid Harring, Tony Platt, Richard Speiglman, & Paul Takagi o8_police_killings_pdf
Human Rights Docket US 1979 Edited by Ann Fagan Ginger, Meiklejohn Civil Liberties Institute
“The Ku Klux Klan: White Supremacy in Uniform” 1988 by Rev. Daniel A. Buford, The Objector March, 1988
“Public Law 102-256-March, 12, 1992 102nd Congress- Torture Victims Protection Act of 1991 H.R. 2092 28 USC 1350 defines torture and extra-judicial punishment and establishes civil action for liabilities, Exhaustion of remedies, and statute of limitations
“America’s Plague of Bad Cops,” September 17, 1995, by Joseph D. McNamara L.A. Times, available in http://article.latimes.com/1995-09-17/opinion/p-4708_1_bad-cops/2
“Good O’ Boys Round-Up Report Executive Summary March 1996 by Office of Inspector General US. Department of Justice
“On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society” 1996, by Lt. Col. Dave Grossman, Little Brown, and Company
“Human Rights Protection: a Guide to the United Nations Treaties and Their Application in the United States” 1999 Edited by Ann F. Ginger, Compiled by the Meiklejohn Civil Liberties Institute (MCLI)
“Stories of Fifteen Black Men Killed by Police since 1995” April 15, 2001 by Dan Klepal and Cindi Andrews, Cincinnati Enquirer
“LAPD Officer Gets 5 years for Shooting Driver” 2001 by Steve Berry- Times Staff Writer, LA Times 10/30/2001
“Outrage in Denver after Police Shoot a Disabled Teen” July 14, 2003, by Raquel Rutledge, Christian Science Monitor
“Firing Racist Police Officers is Justified,(July 20, 2003) by David E. Bernstein CATO Institute. Available at http;//www.cato.org/publications/commentary/firing-racist-police-officers-is-justified
“Cincinnati Police Beat Unarmed Black Man to Death” December 3, 2003 by Jerry Isaacs, World Socialist Website
“Memorandum Re: List of Concerns for the Review of the U.S. Second and Third Periodic report “2006 submitted by U.S. Civil Society Organizations and Advocates; enumerates violations of the ICCPR Human rights treaty; January 9, 2006
“Testimony on United States Compliance With the Provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and other Treaty Obligations in Relation to the U.S. War on Terrorism” 2006 Submitted to the Human Rights Committee of the United Nations at their March 13, and following 2006 Session; by Hon. Judge Claudia H. Morcom (ret.) Wayne County Circuit Court Judge, Detroit, Michigan under the Auspices on the International Association of Democratic Lawyers (IADL) and on behalf of the Meiklejohn Civil Liberties Institute (MCLI)
Ibid. “IV. Hurricane Katrina Human Rights Violations Summary of Concerns to be brought to the United Nations Human Rights Committee Meetings” March 13, 2006 New York, NY prepared by Rev. Daniel A. Buford and Judge Claudia H. Morcom
“U.S. District Court- Jessie Lee Williams Wrongful Death Case, Harrison County Jail, in the United States Federal District Court for the Southern Region of Mississippi, Southern Division’ 3/14/2006 By Estate of Jessie Lee Williams
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, ICCPR Human Rights Committee, 26 April, 2006 “List of Issues to be taken Up in Connection with the Consideration of the Second and Third periodic reports of the United States of America” CCPR/C/USA/Q/3
“U.N. Panel takes U.S. to task over Hurricane Katrina” 2006 By Bradley S. Klapper, Associated Press Writer, July, 28, 2006
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, ICCPR Human Rights Committee, 87th Session 10-28 July 2006 “Concluding Observations” United States of America CCPR/USA/co/3/Rev.1 18 December, 2006 United Nations
“The Abner Louima Case 10 years later” August 9, 2007 by Sewell Chan New York Times
“No Charges against Officer in Death of a Colleague- No Charges in Colleague’s killing of Officer Omar J. Edwards” August 13, 2009 by James Barron, New York Times
Risk Management Bulletin “TASER UPDATE- A Change in Policy, report by the North Carolina League of Municipalities December 2009 No. 134
“The State of White Nationalism: The Year 2009 in Review”, January 23, 2010, By Leonard Zeskind, www.irehr
“From Cointelpro to Guantanamo: Repression and Political Prisoners in the U.S. 2010
Ninth Session of the Working Group on the UPR UN Human Rights Council, Geneva, Switzerland November 1-12, 2010 panel discussion
“Operation Ghetto Storm 2012 Annual Report on the Extra-Judicial Killings of 313 Black People by Police, Security Guards, & Vigilantes” by Arlene Eisen, Malcolm X Grassroots Committee www.mxgm.org
Williams’ Death in Police Custody Repeats History” 2012 by Gina Barton, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 10/27/2012
Law and Order and White Power: White Supremacist Infiltration of Law Enforcement and the Need to Eliminate Racism in the Ranks by William Y. Chin Vol. 6, 2013 LSD Journal 30-
“Law Enforcers Dig out from Misconduct Cases” 2013 by Andrew Kreig, Justice Integrity Project
“Suttles’ Unending Death” May 5, 2013, By David Cook, Timesfreepress.com
“Is America’s Militia Movement on the Rise?” September 9, 2013 By Leonard Zeskin and Devin Burghart, The Nation www.thenation
“Shadow Report: Police Violence Against people with Disabilities” 2014 submitted by the Idriss Stelley Foundation and Poor Magazine
“On the Streets of America: Human Rights Abuses in Ferguson 2014 Executive Summary by Amnesty International, New York, NY 2014; report on militaristic police misconduct in response to community protests in Ferguson, MO.
“War Comes Home” June 2014, By Kara Dansky, ACLU Senior Counsel, ACLU Report
“Turning Police into Soldiers Has Turned America into a War Zone” June 26, 2014 www.msnbc.com/msnbc/pol
“Undue Force”- 2014 By Mark Puente, Baltimore Sun 9/28/2014
“City Police Officer Charged in Beating Caught on Camera” October 29, 2014, WBAL News Radio Baltimore 1090
“United States’ Compliance with the Convention Against torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment” 2014 Written Statement on the Death of Israel “Reffa” Hernandez Llach due to Miami Beach Police Department’s Use of an Electroshock Weapon and Lack of Accountability, 53rd Session of the United Nations Committee Against Torture (CAT) 11/ 3-28/2014
Florida Legal Services/ Community Justice Project- November 5, 2014, “Letter to United Nations Committee Against Torture regarding electroshock punishment and sudden cardiac arrest”; letter co-signees included ACLU of Florida, and Dream Defenders
“Letter to United Nations Special Rapporteur Izsak (Minority Issues)” 2014 from the family of Michael Brown Jr., Ferguson, MO. November 21, 2014 regarding continued rogue police activity in the aftermath of Michael Brown’s murder and official silence about threats made by white supremacists to use lethal force against protesters
“Eric Garner chokehold case: Police Officer Daniel Pantaleo not charged over death of father of six” December 3, 2014 by Kashmira Gander
“Police Kill Black Women All the Time Too- We Just Don’t Hear About It” December 8, 2014, By Evette Dionne Bustle www.bustle.com/articles/52433-p
“Unarmed People of Color Killed by Police, 1999-2014” 12/8/14 by Rich Juzwiak and Aleksander Chan
“These 15 Black Women Were Killed During Police Encounters. Their Lives Matter, Too” February 13, 2015 by Kate Abbey-Lambertz Detroit Editor, The Huffington Post
“New York ranks No. 3 in nation for number of hate groups” March 23, 2015 by Reuven Blau, New York Daily News
“The Militia Movement” Anti–Defamation League Archive http://archive.adl.org/learn/ext_us/militia_m.html?xp
“Freddie Gray Not the First to come out of Baltimore Police Van with Serious Injuries” 2015 by Doug Donovan and Mark Puente, 4/23/2015, Baltimore Sun
“The South Carolina House Overwhelmingly Passes Unlicensed Concealed Carry” April 27, 2015 By Chris Eiger, www.guns.com
“Freddie Gray Case puts Spotlight on “Nickel Rides” May 1, 2015 by Dan Cuellar, 6 ABC NEWS
“Letter from Julie Jones, Florida Department of Corrections to Dr. Bruce A. Hyma, Chief Medical Examiner Miami-Dade County” May 1, 2015 re: request for expedited release report of findings from report on the scalding death of Darrin Rainey more than two years after his murder
“Darrin Rainey, Mentally Ill Inmate Dies an Unspeakable Death at Guard’s Hands, No One Punished” by Jonathan Vankin, The Inquistir News 2015
“Scenes from Occupied Baltimore” May 5, 2015 By Joy Ann Reid MSNBC www.msnbc
“Would we know if white supremacist groups infiltrated our police departments? 2015 by Jarvis DeBerry, May 14, 2015 New Orleans Times- Picayune
“US cited for Police Violence, Racism in Scathing review on Human Rights” 2015 by Natasja Sheriff, 5/11/2015 Al Jazeera.com articles
“Hoods and Badges: 2006 Report Warned of White Supremacists Infiltrating America’s Police Force” May 16, 2015 by Thamiel Rosenkruez, www.ifyouonlynews.com/racist-police-force-report/
“Cleveland police officer who fired 49 shots at two unarmed suspects has been acquitted of manslaughter” 2015 associated Press 5/23/2015
‘ACLU mobile app turns the tables on police misconduct” June 4, 2015 by Darrell Dawsey, MSNBC www.msnbc
Deadly Force: Police Use of Lethal Force in the United States June 18, 2015 Report by Amnesty International AIUSA_Dea…ne2015.pdf see key findings and recommendations.
“The Sexual Abuse to Prison Pipeline: The Girls’ Story” 2015 report by Human Rights Project for Girls, Center on Poverty and Inequality, The MS. Foundation for Women
“Cops Refuse to Stop Chase Plowing over Multiple Children, Killing them During Neighborhood Pursuit” June 27.2015 by Eva Decesare The Free Thought Project.com
“This is Why Americans Have No Idea what Really Happens in Prisons” July 1, 2015 by Dana Liebelson and Railian Brooks The Huffington Post
“Why Are So Many Americans Behind Bars?” July 14, 2015 by Radjini Vaidyanathan BBC
“Eric Garner: Payouts Rise as Cameras Hold US Police Accountable” July 17, 2015 Produced by Franz Strasser www.bbb.com/news/magazine-3
“Native American Activist Found Dead in Jail Cell after Traffic Fine Arrest July 6, 2015 by M. David: h/t to Native News and Jackson free Press
“Oath Keepers Turn Up at Michael Brown Protests in Ferguson” August 11, 2015, By Cassandra Vinograd NBC NEWS
Texas police officer fired after fatal shooting of teen” August 12, 2015, BBC NEWS www.bbc.com/news/world-us-car
“Ferguson Unrest: Who are the Mysterious Oath Keepers?” August 12, 2015, By Sarah Fowler
“#BBCtrending: Military Tactics in US ‘War Zone’ “ August 14, 2014 by BBC Trending www.bbc.com
“White supremacist convicted in plot to kill Obama with ‘death ray’ device” 2015 Reuters New York 8/21/2015 www.thegaurdian.com
“Virginia Man Dies in Jail after Arrest for Stealing Snacks” August 28, 2015 BBC.com world US & Canada
“Judge: Separate trials for six officers in Freddie Gray case September 2, 2015, by Holly Yan,
Aaron Cooper, and Ray Sanchez CNN
“East Texas Community Leader, Former Jailer Issues Call to Attack Anti-Police Activists” September 3, 2015 by Dylan Baddour, Houston Chronicle
“The Collateral Victims of Criminal Justice”, September 5. 2015 by Shaila Dewan New York Times
“Baltimore Police Misconduct Cases Cost City Millions in Lost Dollars” Video http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/crime/blog/bal-police-misconduct-cases video 20140927-premiumvideo.html
“California Police Killings Database Reveals Clear Racial Disparities” September 7, 2015 by Ciara McCarthy and Nadja Popovich The Guardian www.theguardian
“Oregon Officers turn in Police Chief Allege Racism” by Catherine E. Soichet and Artemis Mostaghian CNN www.cnn.com
“Michael Slager, Ex-South Carolina Cop Accused of murdering Walter Scott, Denied Bond” September 14, 2015, By Tim Stelloh
“Minnesota exposes one troubling reason America locks up so many Black people” September 15, 2015, By Erin Fuchs YAHOO NEWS
“On- Duty Police Officers Have Shot and Killed More than 700 People This Year” September 19, 2015 by Wesley Lowery. The Washington Post
“US Confederate Flag ‘threats’ to Georgia Black Family” 2015 BBC US and Canada news 10/13/2015 www.bbc.com
“The Trial of Ex-Cop Daniel Holtzclaw: Why an all White Jury is such a Problem” www.vox.com/identities/2015/11/5/9676944
“3 Men Arrested in White Supremacist Plot in Virginia Targeting Blacks, Jews” 2015 by Michael Martinez and Pamela Brown 11/11/2015 www.cnn.com
“Chicago officer should be fired in death of Rekia Boyd, superintendent says” 2015 by Kimberley Hutcherson and Tina /Burnside 11/24/2015 CNN www.cnn.com
“Peaceful protests day after release of Laquan McDonald Shooting Video” 2015 by Greg Botelho, 11/25/2015 CNN www.cnn.com
“Four Men charged in shooting of Minnesota protesters” 2015 Reuters by David Bailey and Kristoffer Tigue 11/30/2015 Yahoo News
PGPD officer found guilty for holding gun to Bowie man’s head” 2015 By Mike Carter-Coneen ABC 7 WJLA Upper Marlboro, MD
“AG: Justice Department Investigating whether Chicago police broke the law” 2015
by Eliott C. McLaughlin, 12/7/2015 CNN www.cnn.com
“Justice Department to investigate Chicago Police after Laquan McDonald death” 2015 by Pete Williams and Halimah Abdullah 12/7/2015 MSNBC www.msnbc/justice
The United Nations Human Rights Treaty System: “An Introduction to the Core Human Rights Treaties and the Treaty Bodies” Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights FACT Sheet No. 30 FactSheet30en.pdf
“List of Police Brutality Cases in the United States” page issues Wikipedia listed alphabetically by state and territory
“List of Police Brutality Cases in the United States” compilation of notable cases of police misconduct involving local, state and federal law enforcement brutality
“Police Brutality, Misconduct and Shootings” 2015 News about police brutality, including commentary and archival articles published in the New York Times
“A Recent History of Police Brutality & the Officers Who Walked Free (List)” 2015 by Christina Coleman, Managing Editor, NewsOne/Global Grind